The botany of the Commelins

D.O. Wijnands

    Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

    Abstract

    <em>The Botany of the Commelins</em> deals with the plants pictured in the Moninckx Atlas and the four books by Jan and Caspar Commelin on the exotic plants in the Hortus Medicus of Amsterdam. Water-colours were painted of 420 plants during the years 1686-1709 by a number of artists, mainly by Jan and Maria Moninckx. The author's main purpose is to identify these plants and to discuss these interpretations in connection with previously published comments, resulting in conclusions on the interpretation and typification of plant names published by 18th and 19th century botanists, mainly by Linnaeus. Thirteen species from South Africa, Europe and tropical America have their nomenclature amended.<br/>Introductory chapters give surveys of the history of the Hortus, the botanists who worked there, and the Moninckx Atlas.<br/>Appendix A provides a reconstructed catalogue of the institutional library of the Hortus at the time of the Commelins, which is also an index to the literature cited by them.<br/>Appendix B lists biographical notes on governors, artists, collectors, gardeners and botanists, who contributed to the garden, its plants and books.<p/>
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • de Wit, H.C.D., Promotor
    Award date21 Sep 1983
    Place of PublicationWageningen
    Publisher
    Publication statusPublished - 1983

    Keywords

    • spermatophyta
    • taxonomic revisions
    • taxonomy
    • classification
    • biological nomenclature
    • illustrations
    • plants
    • trees
    • flowers
    • fruit
    • history

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