The Biology and Economics of Coral Growth

R. Osinga, M. Schutter, B. Griffioen, R.H. Wijffels, J.A.J. Verreth, S. Shafit, S. Henard, M. Taruffi, C. Gili, S. Lavorano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


To protect natural coral reefs, it is of utmost importance to understand how the growth of the main reef-building organisms-the zooxanthellate scleractinian corals-is controlled. Understanding coral growth is also relevant for coral aquaculture, which is a rapidly developing business. This review paper provides a comprehensive overview of factors that can influence the growth of zooxanthellate scleractinian corals, with particular emphasis on interactions between these factors. Furthermore, the kinetic principles underlying coral growth are discussed. The reviewed information is put into an economic perspective by making an estimation of the costs of coral aquaculture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-671
JournalMarine Biotechnology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • reef-building corals
  • 2 hermatypic corals
  • stylophora-pistillata
  • scleractinian coral
  • water-flow
  • pocillopora-damicornis
  • nutrient enrichment
  • galaxea-fascicularis
  • montastrea-annularis
  • skeletal growth


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