The Arabidopsis embryo as a quantifiable model for studying pattern formation

Yosapol Harnvanichvech, Vera Gorelova, Joris Sprakel, Dolf Weijers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phenotypic diversity of flowering plants stems from common basic features of the plant body pattern with well-defined body axes, organs and tissue organisation. Cell division and cell specification are the two processes that underlie the formation of a body pattern. As plant cells are encased into their cellulosic walls, directional cell division through precise positioning of division plane is crucial for shaping plant morphology. Since many plant cells are pluripotent, their fate establishment is influenced by their cellular environment through cell-to-cell signaling. Recent studies show that apart from biochemical regulation, these two processes are also influenced by cell and tissue morphology and operate under mechanical control. Finding a proper model system that allows dissecting the relationship between these aspects is the key to our understanding of pattern establishment. In this review, we present the Arabidopsis embryo as a simple, yet comprehensive model of pattern formation compatible with high-throughput quantitative assays.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3
Number of pages13
JournalQuantitative Plant Biology
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • cell specification
  • computational cell biology
  • gene expression
  • pattern formation
  • plant development
  • plant embryogenesis

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