The action of endo-xylanase and endo-glucanase on cereal cell wall polysaccharides and its implications for starch digestion kinetics in an in vitro poultry model

Dimitrios Kouzounis, Khoa A. Nguyen, Cynthia E. Klostermann, Natalia Soares, Mirjam A. Kabel, Henk A. Schols*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Endo-xylanase and endo-glucanase are supplemented to poultry diets in order to improve nutrient digestion and non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) fermentation. Here, the action of these enzymes on alcohol insoluble solids (AIS) from wheat and maize grains as well as its implications for starch digestion in milled grains were evaluated in vitro, under conditions mimicking the poultry digestive tract. For wheat AIS, GH11 endo-xylanase depolymerized soluble arabinoxylan (AX) during the gizzard phase, and proceeded to release insoluble AX under small intestine conditions. At the end of the in vitro digestion (480 min), the endo-xylanase, combined with a GH7 endo-β-1,4-glucanase, released 30.5 % of total AX and 18.1 % of total glucan in the form of arabinoxylo- and gluco-oligosaccharides, as detected by HPAEC-PAD and MALDI-TOF-MS. For maize AIS, the combined enzyme action released 2.2 % and 7.0 % of total AX and glucan, respectively. Analogous in vitro digestion experiments of whole grains demonstrated that the enzymatic release of oligomers coincided with altered grain microstructure, as examined by SEM. In the present study, cell wall hydrolysis did not affect in vitro starch digestion kinetics for cereal grains. This study contributes to understanding the action of feed enzymes on cereal NSP under conditions mimicking the poultry digestive tract.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121861
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume331
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2024

Keywords

  • Endo-glucanase
  • Endo-xylanase
  • Feed enzymes
  • In vitro digestion
  • Prebiotic oligosaccharides
  • Starch digestion kinetics

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