TGF-β1 reduces the differentiation of porcine IgA-producing plasma cells by inducing IgM+ B cells apoptosis via Bax/Bcl2-Caspase3 pathway

Caiying Wang, Shanshan Yang, Xin Huang, Yabin Lu, Yue Zhang, Maolin Li, Jing Zhao, Shuxian Li, Huub Savelkoul, Christine Jansen, Guangliang Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) performs a critical role in maintaining homeostasis of intestinal mucosa regulation and controls the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of many immune cells. In this study, we discovered that the infection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a coronavirus, upregulated TGF-β1 expression via activating Tregs. Besides, recombinant porcine TGF-β1 decreased the percentage of CD21+ B cells within the lymphocyte population in vitro. We further found that TGF-β1 reduced the IgA-secreting B cell numbers and also inhibited plasma cell differentiation. Additional investigations revealed that TGF-β1 induced the apoptosis of IgM+ B cells in both peyer's patches (PPs) and peripheral blood (PB) through the activation of the Bax/Bcl2-Caspase3 pathway. Conversely, the application of the TGF-β1 signaling inhibitor SB431542 significantly antagonized the TGF-β1-induced reduction of IgA secretion and B cell apoptosis and restored plasma cell differentiation. Collectively, TGF-β1 plays an important role in regulating the survival and differentiation of porcine IgA-secreting B cells through the classical mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. These findings will facilitate future mucosal vaccine designs that target the regulation of TGF-β1 for the control of enteric pathogens in the pig industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23180
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • apoptosis
  • B cell differentiation
  • IgA
  • PEDV
  • TGF-β1
  • Tregs

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