Testing methods and toxicity assessment (including alternatives)

Maryam Zare Jeddi, Yuri Bruinen de Bruin, Sander Van Der Linden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Many sources exist that contain valuable information on toxicology testing methods comprising in vivo (use of whole animals) and in vitro (use of artificial environment outside of living organisms) testing methods. The information resources presented below relate to chemical substances and are collected to provide key guidance on available information on in vivo, in vitro, and other toxicological testing and assessment methods (e.g., in silico toxicological methods performed on computer or via computer simulation), on relevant databases, published literature, books and journals, teaching aids, and finally organizations, foundations, and testing laboratories involved in toxicity assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation Resources in Toxicology, Volume 1
Subtitle of host publicationBackground, Resources, and Tools
EditorsP. Wexler
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780128137246
ISBN (Print)9780128137253
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Alternatives to animal methods
  • in vitro
  • in vivo


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