Technology diffusion and climate policy: A network approach and its application to wind energy

Sol Maria Halleck Vega*, Antoine Mandel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of technology transfer in the mitigation of climate change has been strongly emphasized in the recent policy debate. This paper offers a network-based perspective on the issue. First, we propose a methodology to infer from technology adoption data the network of diffusion and apply it to a detailed dataset on wind energy technologies installed globally since the 1980s. We then perform a statistical analysis of the network. It highlights a relatively inefficient organization, characterized in particular by the weakness of South-South link, which leads to relatively long lags in the diffusion process. Against this background, we characterize optimal transfer/seeding strategies for an agent that aims to introduce a new technology in a developing country in view of further diffusion. Our results suggest in particular that CDM projects have been too concentrated in large emerging economies and that developed countries should put a stronger weight on the positive externalities in terms of technology transfer of cooperating with less prominent developing countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-471
JournalEcological Economics
Volume145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • technology transfer
  • climate policy
  • diffusion networks
  • wind energy

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