Team learning: building shared mental models

P. van den Bossche, W. Gijselaers, M. Segers, G.B. Woltjer, P. Kirschner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    175 Citations (Scopus)


    To gain insight in the social processes that underlie knowledge sharing in teams, this article questions which team learning behaviors lead to the construction of a shared mental model. Additionally, it explores how the development of shared mental models mediates the relation between team learning behaviors and team effectiveness. Analyses were performed on student-teams engaged in a business simulation game. The measurement of shared mental models was based on cognitive mapping techniques. The results indicate that a team learning perspective provides insight in how people share knowledge. Particularly the team learning behaviors identified as co-construction and constructive conflict are related to the development of shared mental models. In addition, a shared mental model of the task environment in a team leads to improved performance. This underscores the importance of developing shared cognition in teamwork
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)283-301
    JournalInstructional Science
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • knowledge convergence
    • performance
    • mediation
    • conflict
    • diversity
    • framework
    • cognition
    • beliefs
    • task


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