Tailor-made learning and memory in parasitoids

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractAcademic

Abstract

Studies on learning in insect parasitoids have commonly addressed the effect of experience on the response to specific stimuli, and have yielded hypotheses on the adaptive value of such learning in foraging parasitoids. Only recently have researchers begun to use parasitoids to study the mechanistic aspects of learning. Differences in the expression of learning between closely related species create excellent opportunities to study species-typical learning. Our model system consists of two co-existing Cotesia parasitoid species that occupy slightly different niches. In the Netherlands, Cotesia glomerata mainly attacks the gregariously feeding caterpillars of the large cabbage white Pieris brassicae while Cotesia rubecula is specialized on the solitarily feeding small cabbage white Pieris rapae. Both parasitoid species are capable of learning to prefer the odours of plants on which they found their host caterpillars. However, they clearly differ in the functional requirements for the formation of long-term memory (LTM) of these plant odours. We argue that this reflects a difference in the wasp’s searching behaviour in nature, related to the distribution of their caterpillar hosts. We expect such tailor-made learning and memory to be more common in parasitic wasps than presently assumed. Species 1: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia glomerata Species 2: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia rubecula Species 3: Lepidoptera Pieridae Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-23
JournalJournal of Insect Science
Volume7
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

parasitoids
learning
Cotesia
Pieris rapae
insect larvae
Braconidae
cabbage
Cotesia rubecula
Hymenoptera
odors
Cotesia glomerata
Pieris brassicae
Pieridae
searching behavior
butterflies
Netherlands
niches
researchers
Lepidoptera
foraging

Cite this

@article{7a0f09e5cb174e6a849efc5c78a52fbf,
title = "Tailor-made learning and memory in parasitoids",
abstract = "Studies on learning in insect parasitoids have commonly addressed the effect of experience on the response to specific stimuli, and have yielded hypotheses on the adaptive value of such learning in foraging parasitoids. Only recently have researchers begun to use parasitoids to study the mechanistic aspects of learning. Differences in the expression of learning between closely related species create excellent opportunities to study species-typical learning. Our model system consists of two co-existing Cotesia parasitoid species that occupy slightly different niches. In the Netherlands, Cotesia glomerata mainly attacks the gregariously feeding caterpillars of the large cabbage white Pieris brassicae while Cotesia rubecula is specialized on the solitarily feeding small cabbage white Pieris rapae. Both parasitoid species are capable of learning to prefer the odours of plants on which they found their host caterpillars. However, they clearly differ in the functional requirements for the formation of long-term memory (LTM) of these plant odours. We argue that this reflects a difference in the wasp’s searching behaviour in nature, related to the distribution of their caterpillar hosts. We expect such tailor-made learning and memory to be more common in parasitic wasps than presently assumed. Species 1: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia glomerata Species 2: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia rubecula Species 3: Lepidoptera Pieridae Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)",
author = "L.E.M. Vet and H.M. Smid",
note = "08-3201",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "23--23",
journal = "Journal of Insect Science",
issn = "1536-2442",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

Tailor-made learning and memory in parasitoids. / Vet, L.E.M.; Smid, H.M.

In: Journal of Insect Science, Vol. 7, 2007, p. 23-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tailor-made learning and memory in parasitoids

AU - Vet, L.E.M.

AU - Smid, H.M.

N1 - 08-3201

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Studies on learning in insect parasitoids have commonly addressed the effect of experience on the response to specific stimuli, and have yielded hypotheses on the adaptive value of such learning in foraging parasitoids. Only recently have researchers begun to use parasitoids to study the mechanistic aspects of learning. Differences in the expression of learning between closely related species create excellent opportunities to study species-typical learning. Our model system consists of two co-existing Cotesia parasitoid species that occupy slightly different niches. In the Netherlands, Cotesia glomerata mainly attacks the gregariously feeding caterpillars of the large cabbage white Pieris brassicae while Cotesia rubecula is specialized on the solitarily feeding small cabbage white Pieris rapae. Both parasitoid species are capable of learning to prefer the odours of plants on which they found their host caterpillars. However, they clearly differ in the functional requirements for the formation of long-term memory (LTM) of these plant odours. We argue that this reflects a difference in the wasp’s searching behaviour in nature, related to the distribution of their caterpillar hosts. We expect such tailor-made learning and memory to be more common in parasitic wasps than presently assumed. Species 1: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia glomerata Species 2: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia rubecula Species 3: Lepidoptera Pieridae Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)

AB - Studies on learning in insect parasitoids have commonly addressed the effect of experience on the response to specific stimuli, and have yielded hypotheses on the adaptive value of such learning in foraging parasitoids. Only recently have researchers begun to use parasitoids to study the mechanistic aspects of learning. Differences in the expression of learning between closely related species create excellent opportunities to study species-typical learning. Our model system consists of two co-existing Cotesia parasitoid species that occupy slightly different niches. In the Netherlands, Cotesia glomerata mainly attacks the gregariously feeding caterpillars of the large cabbage white Pieris brassicae while Cotesia rubecula is specialized on the solitarily feeding small cabbage white Pieris rapae. Both parasitoid species are capable of learning to prefer the odours of plants on which they found their host caterpillars. However, they clearly differ in the functional requirements for the formation of long-term memory (LTM) of these plant odours. We argue that this reflects a difference in the wasp’s searching behaviour in nature, related to the distribution of their caterpillar hosts. We expect such tailor-made learning and memory to be more common in parasitic wasps than presently assumed. Species 1: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia glomerata Species 2: Hymenoptera Braconidae Cotesia rubecula Species 3: Lepidoptera Pieridae Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 7

SP - 23

EP - 23

JO - Journal of Insect Science

JF - Journal of Insect Science

SN - 1536-2442

ER -