Systematische Ordnung und floristische Zusammensetzung niederlaendischer Wald- und Gebueschgesellschaften

H. Doing

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


A new classification and description was given of woodland vegetation in the whole Netherlands. The principles were based on the French-Swiss system, although its disadvantages were avoided as much as possible. All species occurring in the communities were arranged in a set of 70 sociological groups, groups of species related by sociological affinities. The system evolved from the arrangement of these groups; the use of particular characteristic and differential species was avoided. For all groups, and for all species within the groups, a certain sequence was adopted, allowing comparison of all tables of associations and sub- alliances. Besides the floristic composition criteria other than characteristic, companion, casual or transgredient species were used for classification, such as structure and dynamics of the community and nature of adjacent and substituting communities. The woodland and shrub communities were separated into two chief formations.

Each association was reviewed according to habitat, area, geomorphological and dynamic position, importance for nature conservancy, landscape architecture, and forestry, its structure, floristic composition, sub-division (subassociations, geographic variation within the Netherlands) and seasonal aspects. Communities containing much Rubus were omitted.
Original languageGerman
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Venema, H.J., Promotor
Award date25 May 1962
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Publication statusPublished - 1962
Externally publishedYes


  • forestry
  • synecology
  • forests
  • vegetation
  • netherlands
  • cum laude

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