Systematic review on cashew nut allergy

J.P.M. van der Valk, A.E.J. Dubois, H.J. Wichers, N.W. de Jong, R. van Wijk

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recent studies on cashew nut allergy suggest that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing. Cashew nut consumption by allergic patients can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. This review summarizes current knowledge on cashew nut allergy to facilitate timely clinical recognition and to promote awareness of this emerging food allergy amongst clinicians. The goal of this study is to present a systematic review focused on the clinical aspects of allergy to cashew nut including the characteristics of cashew nut, the prevalence, allergenic components, cross-reactivity, diagnosis and management of cashew nut allergy. The literature search yielded 255 articles of which 40 met our selection criteria and were considered to be relevant for this review. The 40 articles included one prospective study, six retrospective studies and seven case reports. The remaining 26 papers were not directly related to cashew nut allergy. The literature suggests that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing, although the level of evidence for this is low. A minimal amount of cashew nut allergen may cause a severe allergic reaction, suggesting high potency comparable with other tree nuts and peanuts. Cashew allergy is clearly an underestimated important healthcare problem, especially in children.
    Original languageDutch
    Pages (from-to)692-698
    JournalAllergy
    Volume69
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • cross-reactivity
    • pistachio nut
    • clinical-features
    • peanut allergy
    • children
    • anaphylaxis
    • food
    • vicilin
    • family
    • ige

    Cite this

    van der Valk, J. P. M., Dubois, A. E. J., Wichers, H. J., de Jong, N. W., & van Wijk, R. (2014). Systematic review on cashew nut allergy. Allergy, 69, 692-698. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.12401
    van der Valk, J.P.M. ; Dubois, A.E.J. ; Wichers, H.J. ; de Jong, N.W. ; van Wijk, R. / Systematic review on cashew nut allergy. In: Allergy. 2014 ; Vol. 69. pp. 692-698.
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    abstract = "Recent studies on cashew nut allergy suggest that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing. Cashew nut consumption by allergic patients can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. This review summarizes current knowledge on cashew nut allergy to facilitate timely clinical recognition and to promote awareness of this emerging food allergy amongst clinicians. The goal of this study is to present a systematic review focused on the clinical aspects of allergy to cashew nut including the characteristics of cashew nut, the prevalence, allergenic components, cross-reactivity, diagnosis and management of cashew nut allergy. The literature search yielded 255 articles of which 40 met our selection criteria and were considered to be relevant for this review. The 40 articles included one prospective study, six retrospective studies and seven case reports. The remaining 26 papers were not directly related to cashew nut allergy. The literature suggests that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing, although the level of evidence for this is low. A minimal amount of cashew nut allergen may cause a severe allergic reaction, suggesting high potency comparable with other tree nuts and peanuts. Cashew allergy is clearly an underestimated important healthcare problem, especially in children.",
    keywords = "cross-reactivity, pistachio nut, clinical-features, peanut allergy, children, anaphylaxis, food, vicilin, family, ige",
    author = "{van der Valk}, J.P.M. and A.E.J. Dubois and H.J. Wichers and {de Jong}, N.W. and {van Wijk}, R.",
    year = "2014",
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    van der Valk, JPM, Dubois, AEJ, Wichers, HJ, de Jong, NW & van Wijk, R 2014, 'Systematic review on cashew nut allergy' Allergy, vol. 69, pp. 692-698. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.12401

    Systematic review on cashew nut allergy. / van der Valk, J.P.M.; Dubois, A.E.J.; Wichers, H.J.; de Jong, N.W.; van Wijk, R.

    In: Allergy, Vol. 69, 2014, p. 692-698.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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    AU - Wichers, H.J.

    AU - de Jong, N.W.

    AU - van Wijk, R.

    PY - 2014

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    N2 - Recent studies on cashew nut allergy suggest that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing. Cashew nut consumption by allergic patients can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. This review summarizes current knowledge on cashew nut allergy to facilitate timely clinical recognition and to promote awareness of this emerging food allergy amongst clinicians. The goal of this study is to present a systematic review focused on the clinical aspects of allergy to cashew nut including the characteristics of cashew nut, the prevalence, allergenic components, cross-reactivity, diagnosis and management of cashew nut allergy. The literature search yielded 255 articles of which 40 met our selection criteria and were considered to be relevant for this review. The 40 articles included one prospective study, six retrospective studies and seven case reports. The remaining 26 papers were not directly related to cashew nut allergy. The literature suggests that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing, although the level of evidence for this is low. A minimal amount of cashew nut allergen may cause a severe allergic reaction, suggesting high potency comparable with other tree nuts and peanuts. Cashew allergy is clearly an underestimated important healthcare problem, especially in children.

    AB - Recent studies on cashew nut allergy suggest that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing. Cashew nut consumption by allergic patients can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. This review summarizes current knowledge on cashew nut allergy to facilitate timely clinical recognition and to promote awareness of this emerging food allergy amongst clinicians. The goal of this study is to present a systematic review focused on the clinical aspects of allergy to cashew nut including the characteristics of cashew nut, the prevalence, allergenic components, cross-reactivity, diagnosis and management of cashew nut allergy. The literature search yielded 255 articles of which 40 met our selection criteria and were considered to be relevant for this review. The 40 articles included one prospective study, six retrospective studies and seven case reports. The remaining 26 papers were not directly related to cashew nut allergy. The literature suggests that the prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing, although the level of evidence for this is low. A minimal amount of cashew nut allergen may cause a severe allergic reaction, suggesting high potency comparable with other tree nuts and peanuts. Cashew allergy is clearly an underestimated important healthcare problem, especially in children.

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    van der Valk JPM, Dubois AEJ, Wichers HJ, de Jong NW, van Wijk R. Systematic review on cashew nut allergy. Allergy. 2014;69:692-698. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.12401