Cyclic lactam analogs of α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) have been shown to be potent agonists in the frog skin bioassay [Al-Obeidi, F. et al., J. Med. Chem., 32 (1989) 2555], demonstrating melanocortin-1 (MC1) receptor activity. We synthesized cyclic α-MSH(1-13) and α-MSH(4-10) lactam analogs. The peptides were synthesized using Fmoc chemistry. We improved the cyclization procedure: side chains of Asp5 and Lys10 from the deprotected peptide were coupled in DMF to form a cyclic lactam, using an excess of PyBOP reagent and DIEA as a base. The cyclization reaction was completed within 1 h and was almost quantitative. We also synthesized an α-MSH analog cyclized via a disulphide bridge. The peptides were tested for their selectivity for the rat MC4 receptor. Cyclization and substitutions at position 7 dramatically influenced the selectivity for the rMC4 receptor.
|Journal||Letters in peptide science|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|