Zebrafish represent an important vertebrate model species in developmental biology. This chapter reviews the effects of exercise on the development of the musculoskeletal system, the cardiovascular system, metabolic capacities of developing zebrafish, and regulation of these processes on the gene expression level. Zebrafish larvae display a high amount of developmental plasticity, enabling an adaptive response to training. This adaptive response is apparent in both the morphology and physiology of the musculoskeletal system. Given the multitude of (molecular) tools available for the zebrafish, this species promises to be very useful in further elucidating the mechanisms of muscle, skeletal, and cardiovascular adaptations to prolonged exercise.
|Title of host publication||Swimming Physiology of Fish; Towards using exercise to farm a fit fish in sustainable aquaculture|
|Editors||A.P. Palstra, J.V. Planas|
|Place of Publication||Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||429|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|