Sweet pepper is an important greenhouse vegetable crop and highly attractive to multiple pest and pathogen species. The main pests and diseases detrimental to pepper crops in various parts of the globe are reported here, along with the most effective or sustainable control strategies currently applied to manage them. Biological control of the main pest species, such as thrips, whiteflies and spider mites, is in general very successful with generalist predators, because of their ability to establish populations prior to pest invasions by using the plant-provided pollen as an alternative food source. However, other pest species, such as aphids, stink bugs and the pepper weevil, are still hard to control without pesticides and require new tools for management that do not disrupt the robust system of biological control. Most diseases can be controlled well by managing the climate, soil solarization, growing out of soil or by applying bacterial or fungal antagonists. All these tools together offer the opportunity to manage most pest and diseases with a minimal use of pesticides.
|Title of host publication||Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Greenhouse Crops|
|Editors||Maria Lodovica Gullino, Ramon Albajes, Philippe C. Nicot|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Mar 2020|