Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project

N. Chrysoulakis, M. Lopes, R. San José, C.S.B. Grimmond, M.B. Jones, V. Magliulo, J.E.M. Klostermann, A. Synnefa, Z. Mitraka, E. Castro, A. González, R. Vogt, T. Vesala, D. Spano, G. Pigeon, P. Freer-Smith, T. Staszewski, N. Hodges, G. Mills, C. Cartalis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban metabolism considers a city as a system with flows of energy and material between it and the environment. Recent advances in bio-physical sciences provide methods and models to estimate local scale energy, water, carbon and pollutant fluxes. However, good communication is required to provide this new knowledge and its implications to endusers (such as urban planners, architects and engineers). The FP7 project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) aimed to address this gap by illustrating the advantages of considering these issues in urban planning. The BRIDGE Decision Support System (DSS) aids the evaluation of the sustainability of urban planning interventions. The Multi Criteria Analysis approach adopted provides a method to cope with the complexity of urban metabolism. In consultation with targeted end-users, objectives were defined in relation to the interactions between the environmental elements (fluxes of energy, water, carbon and pollutants) and socioeconomic components (investment costs, housing, employment, etc.) of urban sustainability. The tool was tested in five case study cities: Helsinki, Athens, London, Florence and Gliwice; and sub-models were evaluated using flux data selected. This overview of the BRIDGE project covers the methods and tools used to measure and model the physical flows, the selected set of sustainability indicators, the methodological framework for evaluating urban planning alternatives and the resulting DSS prototype
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-117
JournalLandscape and Urban Planning
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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physical science
urban planning
metabolism
sustainability
decision support system
energy
pollutant
carbon
communication
water
project
cost
method
city

Keywords

  • parameterization scheme lumps
  • carbon-dioxide emissions
  • decision-support
  • water-balance
  • air-quality
  • local-scale
  • los-angeles
  • heat-flux
  • model
  • energy

Cite this

Chrysoulakis, N., Lopes, M., San José, R., Grimmond, C. S. B., Jones, M. B., Magliulo, V., ... Cartalis, C. (2013). Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project. Landscape and Urban Planning, 112, 100-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.005
Chrysoulakis, N. ; Lopes, M. ; San José, R. ; Grimmond, C.S.B. ; Jones, M.B. ; Magliulo, V. ; Klostermann, J.E.M. ; Synnefa, A. ; Mitraka, Z. ; Castro, E. ; González, A. ; Vogt, R. ; Vesala, T. ; Spano, D. ; Pigeon, G. ; Freer-Smith, P. ; Staszewski, T. ; Hodges, N. ; Mills, G. ; Cartalis, C. / Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project. In: Landscape and Urban Planning. 2013 ; Vol. 112. pp. 100-117.
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abstract = "Urban metabolism considers a city as a system with flows of energy and material between it and the environment. Recent advances in bio-physical sciences provide methods and models to estimate local scale energy, water, carbon and pollutant fluxes. However, good communication is required to provide this new knowledge and its implications to endusers (such as urban planners, architects and engineers). The FP7 project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) aimed to address this gap by illustrating the advantages of considering these issues in urban planning. The BRIDGE Decision Support System (DSS) aids the evaluation of the sustainability of urban planning interventions. The Multi Criteria Analysis approach adopted provides a method to cope with the complexity of urban metabolism. In consultation with targeted end-users, objectives were defined in relation to the interactions between the environmental elements (fluxes of energy, water, carbon and pollutants) and socioeconomic components (investment costs, housing, employment, etc.) of urban sustainability. The tool was tested in five case study cities: Helsinki, Athens, London, Florence and Gliwice; and sub-models were evaluated using flux data selected. This overview of the BRIDGE project covers the methods and tools used to measure and model the physical flows, the selected set of sustainability indicators, the methodological framework for evaluating urban planning alternatives and the resulting DSS prototype",
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Chrysoulakis, N, Lopes, M, San José, R, Grimmond, CSB, Jones, MB, Magliulo, V, Klostermann, JEM, Synnefa, A, Mitraka, Z, Castro, E, González, A, Vogt, R, Vesala, T, Spano, D, Pigeon, G, Freer-Smith, P, Staszewski, T, Hodges, N, Mills, G & Cartalis, C 2013, 'Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project', Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 112, pp. 100-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.005

Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project. / Chrysoulakis, N.; Lopes, M.; San José, R.; Grimmond, C.S.B.; Jones, M.B.; Magliulo, V.; Klostermann, J.E.M.; Synnefa, A.; Mitraka, Z.; Castro, E.; González, A.; Vogt, R.; Vesala, T.; Spano, D.; Pigeon, G.; Freer-Smith, P.; Staszewski, T.; Hodges, N.; Mills, G.; Cartalis, C.

In: Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 112, 2013, p. 100-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project

AU - Chrysoulakis, N.

AU - Lopes, M.

AU - San José, R.

AU - Grimmond, C.S.B.

AU - Jones, M.B.

AU - Magliulo, V.

AU - Klostermann, J.E.M.

AU - Synnefa, A.

AU - Mitraka, Z.

AU - Castro, E.

AU - González, A.

AU - Vogt, R.

AU - Vesala, T.

AU - Spano, D.

AU - Pigeon, G.

AU - Freer-Smith, P.

AU - Staszewski, T.

AU - Hodges, N.

AU - Mills, G.

AU - Cartalis, C.

PY - 2013

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N2 - Urban metabolism considers a city as a system with flows of energy and material between it and the environment. Recent advances in bio-physical sciences provide methods and models to estimate local scale energy, water, carbon and pollutant fluxes. However, good communication is required to provide this new knowledge and its implications to endusers (such as urban planners, architects and engineers). The FP7 project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) aimed to address this gap by illustrating the advantages of considering these issues in urban planning. The BRIDGE Decision Support System (DSS) aids the evaluation of the sustainability of urban planning interventions. The Multi Criteria Analysis approach adopted provides a method to cope with the complexity of urban metabolism. In consultation with targeted end-users, objectives were defined in relation to the interactions between the environmental elements (fluxes of energy, water, carbon and pollutants) and socioeconomic components (investment costs, housing, employment, etc.) of urban sustainability. The tool was tested in five case study cities: Helsinki, Athens, London, Florence and Gliwice; and sub-models were evaluated using flux data selected. This overview of the BRIDGE project covers the methods and tools used to measure and model the physical flows, the selected set of sustainability indicators, the methodological framework for evaluating urban planning alternatives and the resulting DSS prototype

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KW - parameterization scheme lumps

KW - carbon-dioxide emissions

KW - decision-support

KW - water-balance

KW - air-quality

KW - local-scale

KW - los-angeles

KW - heat-flux

KW - model

KW - energy

U2 - 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.005

DO - 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.005

M3 - Article

VL - 112

SP - 100

EP - 117

JO - Landscape and Urban Planning

JF - Landscape and Urban Planning

SN - 0169-2046

ER -