To support the implementation of the Mount Kenya Sustainable Landscape and Livelihoods Programme, Wageningen University & Research and ETC Consultants conducted a Situation Analysis (SA) and set the baseline for an Impact Evaluation (IE). The SA is based on detailed literature review, focus group discussions and key informant interviews in three counties in the Mt. Kenya Region (Embu, Kirinyaga and Nyeri). The IE is based on quantitative surveys amongst 977 coffee and tea farmers in Kirinyaga county. With a focus on improving the programme effectiveness, and possibly adapting the current proposed Theory of Change, three key recommendations emerge from both these studies: the need to more clearly define the scope of the intervention; strategies to ensure its effective management; and the need to design additional metrics to capture the full impact of the programme.