Susceptibility of the Tomato Mutant High Pigment-2dg (hp-2dg) to Orobanche spp. Infection

J.A. Lopez Raez, T. Charnikhova, P.P.J. Mulder, W. Kohlen, R.J. Bino, I. Levin, H.J. Bouwmeester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The consumption of natural products with potential health benefits has been continuously growing, and enhanced pigmentation is of major economic importance in fruits and vegetables. The tomato hp-2dg is an important mutant line that has been introgressed into commercial tomato cultivars marketed as lycopene rich tomatoes (LRT) because of their enhanced fruit pigmentation, attributed to higher levels of carotenoids, including lycopene. Strigolactones are signaling compounds that mediate host finding in root parasitic plants and are biosynthetically derived from carotenoids. Considering the high carotenoid content of the hp-2dg mutant, we studied its susceptibility to the root parasite Orobanche. In a field experiment, the average number of Orobanche aegyptiaca plants growing on hp-2dg was surprisingly significantly reduced compared with its isogenic wild-type counterpart. In vitro assays and LC-MS/MS analysis showed that this reduction was associated with a lower production of strigolactones, which apparently renders the high-carotenoid hp-2dg mutant less susceptible to Orobanche
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6326-6332
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
  • striga-hermonthica
  • parasitic plants
  • resistance
  • germination
  • roots
  • strigolactones
  • biosynthesis
  • biogenesis
  • genotypes

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