Surface water sanitation and biomass production in a large constructed wetland in the Netherlands

B.G. Meerburg, P.H. Vereijken, W. de Visser, A. Verhagen, H. Korevaar, E.P. Querner, A.T. de Blaeij, A.K. van der Werf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Western-Europe, agricultural practices have contributed to environmental problems such as eutrophication of surface and ground water, flooding, drought and desiccation of surrounding natural habitats. Solutions that reduce the impact of these problems are urgently needed. Common reed (Phragmites australis) is capable of sanitizing surface water and may function as green energy source because of its high productivity. Here, the results of an experiment in a constructed wetland in the Netherlands are presented where two different sanitation treatments were compared. Depending on the residence time and volume per unit area, reed is capable to reduce the total amount of nitrogen in the water with average efficiencies from 32 to 47% and the total amount of phosphorous with 27–45%. Although biomass production still varies largely between different parts of the constructed wetland, a rapid increase in biomass was observed since planting. Constructed wetlands with reed provide opportunities to improve water quality and reed produces enough biomass to serve as green energy source. Moreover, these wetlands also function as a flood water reservoir and are possibly advantageous for biodiversity. The optimal moment of reed harvesting depends on the goal of the owner. This moment should be chosen wisely, as it may have consequences for reed filter regeneration, biomass production, biodiversity, methane emission and water sanitation efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-470
JournalWetlands Ecology and Management
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

constructed wetlands
sanitation
constructed wetland
biomass production
Netherlands
surface water
Phragmites australis
renewable energy sources
biomass
biodiversity
sanitizing
water reservoirs
Western European region
methane
eutrophication
groundwater
wetlands
water quality
water
drought

Keywords

  • phragmites-australis
  • waste-water
  • nutrient removal
  • impact
  • river
  • flow
  • agriculture
  • macrophytes
  • plants

Cite this

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title = "Surface water sanitation and biomass production in a large constructed wetland in the Netherlands",
abstract = "In Western-Europe, agricultural practices have contributed to environmental problems such as eutrophication of surface and ground water, flooding, drought and desiccation of surrounding natural habitats. Solutions that reduce the impact of these problems are urgently needed. Common reed (Phragmites australis) is capable of sanitizing surface water and may function as green energy source because of its high productivity. Here, the results of an experiment in a constructed wetland in the Netherlands are presented where two different sanitation treatments were compared. Depending on the residence time and volume per unit area, reed is capable to reduce the total amount of nitrogen in the water with average efficiencies from 32 to 47{\%} and the total amount of phosphorous with 27–45{\%}. Although biomass production still varies largely between different parts of the constructed wetland, a rapid increase in biomass was observed since planting. Constructed wetlands with reed provide opportunities to improve water quality and reed produces enough biomass to serve as green energy source. Moreover, these wetlands also function as a flood water reservoir and are possibly advantageous for biodiversity. The optimal moment of reed harvesting depends on the goal of the owner. This moment should be chosen wisely, as it may have consequences for reed filter regeneration, biomass production, biodiversity, methane emission and water sanitation efficiency.",
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author = "B.G. Meerburg and P.H. Vereijken and {de Visser}, W. and A. Verhagen and H. Korevaar and E.P. Querner and {de Blaeij}, A.T. and {van der Werf}, A.K.",
year = "2010",
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Surface water sanitation and biomass production in a large constructed wetland in the Netherlands. / Meerburg, B.G.; Vereijken, P.H.; de Visser, W.; Verhagen, A.; Korevaar, H.; Querner, E.P.; de Blaeij, A.T.; van der Werf, A.K.

In: Wetlands Ecology and Management, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2010, p. 463-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface water sanitation and biomass production in a large constructed wetland in the Netherlands

AU - Meerburg, B.G.

AU - Vereijken, P.H.

AU - de Visser, W.

AU - Verhagen, A.

AU - Korevaar, H.

AU - Querner, E.P.

AU - de Blaeij, A.T.

AU - van der Werf, A.K.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - In Western-Europe, agricultural practices have contributed to environmental problems such as eutrophication of surface and ground water, flooding, drought and desiccation of surrounding natural habitats. Solutions that reduce the impact of these problems are urgently needed. Common reed (Phragmites australis) is capable of sanitizing surface water and may function as green energy source because of its high productivity. Here, the results of an experiment in a constructed wetland in the Netherlands are presented where two different sanitation treatments were compared. Depending on the residence time and volume per unit area, reed is capable to reduce the total amount of nitrogen in the water with average efficiencies from 32 to 47% and the total amount of phosphorous with 27–45%. Although biomass production still varies largely between different parts of the constructed wetland, a rapid increase in biomass was observed since planting. Constructed wetlands with reed provide opportunities to improve water quality and reed produces enough biomass to serve as green energy source. Moreover, these wetlands also function as a flood water reservoir and are possibly advantageous for biodiversity. The optimal moment of reed harvesting depends on the goal of the owner. This moment should be chosen wisely, as it may have consequences for reed filter regeneration, biomass production, biodiversity, methane emission and water sanitation efficiency.

AB - In Western-Europe, agricultural practices have contributed to environmental problems such as eutrophication of surface and ground water, flooding, drought and desiccation of surrounding natural habitats. Solutions that reduce the impact of these problems are urgently needed. Common reed (Phragmites australis) is capable of sanitizing surface water and may function as green energy source because of its high productivity. Here, the results of an experiment in a constructed wetland in the Netherlands are presented where two different sanitation treatments were compared. Depending on the residence time and volume per unit area, reed is capable to reduce the total amount of nitrogen in the water with average efficiencies from 32 to 47% and the total amount of phosphorous with 27–45%. Although biomass production still varies largely between different parts of the constructed wetland, a rapid increase in biomass was observed since planting. Constructed wetlands with reed provide opportunities to improve water quality and reed produces enough biomass to serve as green energy source. Moreover, these wetlands also function as a flood water reservoir and are possibly advantageous for biodiversity. The optimal moment of reed harvesting depends on the goal of the owner. This moment should be chosen wisely, as it may have consequences for reed filter regeneration, biomass production, biodiversity, methane emission and water sanitation efficiency.

KW - phragmites-australis

KW - waste-water

KW - nutrient removal

KW - impact

KW - river

KW - flow

KW - agriculture

KW - macrophytes

KW - plants

U2 - 10.1007/s11273-010-9179-x

DO - 10.1007/s11273-010-9179-x

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 463

EP - 470

JO - Wetlands Ecology and Management

JF - Wetlands Ecology and Management

SN - 0923-4861

IS - 4

ER -