Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production

I.I. Al-Azzawi

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

A diet of sesame oilmeal, maize and barley supplemented with adequate lysine 0.50-0.78 (in total 1.18%-1.23% of the diet) was a suitable diet for fast growing chickens to produce broilers weighing approximately 1 kg in 7 weeks. The average feed intake per unit gain in the 7th week was 2.149 for chickens which had received plant protein and high energy level and 2.312 for those which had received about 2700 kcal. The gain achieved with sesame, corn and barley was approximately 95 % of that with the best animal-protein diets used in the Netherlands. Adding up to 10 % of sesame oil did not improve weight but it did improve feed efficiency and produced good quality meat. The response of pullets to lysine was better than that of cockerels. The plant protein varied in value, so it was much more accurate to deal with the digestible value than the crude value.

The high methionine content of sesame should inspire the agricultural offices in the Middle East to encourage farmers to produce soya bean, to make a high quality feed for broiler production. Soya bean lacked methionine, but it was rich in lysine and would make a good combination with sesame. In practice in the Middle East the supplement of lysine would diminish the cost of high quality feed by about 22.5 %, if it was used instead of animal protein.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Iwema, S., Promotor, External person
Award date12 Jun 1964
Place of PublicationOosterbeek
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 1964
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

poultry production
plant proteins
lysine
feed quality
amino acids
animal proteins
Middle East
diet
methionine
beans
sesame meal
barley
chickens
sesame oil
cockerels
corn
pullets
meat quality
Netherlands
feed conversion

Keywords

  • protein supplements
  • poultry
  • fowls
  • feeds
  • proteins

Cite this

Al-Azzawi, I.I.. / Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production. Oosterbeek : Viking, 1964. 118 p.
@phdthesis{03889e956dd84b4a808e7d74bbbf9345,
title = "Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production",
abstract = "A diet of sesame oilmeal, maize and barley supplemented with adequate lysine 0.50-0.78 (in total 1.18{\%}-1.23{\%} of the diet) was a suitable diet for fast growing chickens to produce broilers weighing approximately 1 kg in 7 weeks. The average feed intake per unit gain in the 7th week was 2.149 for chickens which had received plant protein and high energy level and 2.312 for those which had received about 2700 kcal. The gain achieved with sesame, corn and barley was approximately 95 {\%} of that with the best animal-protein diets used in the Netherlands. Adding up to 10 {\%} of sesame oil did not improve weight but it did improve feed efficiency and produced good quality meat. The response of pullets to lysine was better than that of cockerels. The plant protein varied in value, so it was much more accurate to deal with the digestible value than the crude value.The high methionine content of sesame should inspire the agricultural offices in the Middle East to encourage farmers to produce soya bean, to make a high quality feed for broiler production. Soya bean lacked methionine, but it was rich in lysine and would make a good combination with sesame. In practice in the Middle East the supplement of lysine would diminish the cost of high quality feed by about 22.5 {\%}, if it was used instead of animal protein.",
keywords = "eiwittoevoegingen, pluimvee, kippen, voer, eiwitten, protein supplements, poultry, fowls, feeds, proteins",
author = "I.I. Al-Azzawi",
note = "WU thesis 366 Proefschrift Wageningen",
year = "1964",
language = "English",
publisher = "Viking",
school = "Wageningen University",

}

Al-Azzawi, II 1964, 'Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production', Doctor of Philosophy, Wageningen University, Oosterbeek.

Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production. / Al-Azzawi, I.I.

Oosterbeek : Viking, 1964. 118 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

TY - THES

T1 - Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production

AU - Al-Azzawi, I.I.

N1 - WU thesis 366 Proefschrift Wageningen

PY - 1964

Y1 - 1964

N2 - A diet of sesame oilmeal, maize and barley supplemented with adequate lysine 0.50-0.78 (in total 1.18%-1.23% of the diet) was a suitable diet for fast growing chickens to produce broilers weighing approximately 1 kg in 7 weeks. The average feed intake per unit gain in the 7th week was 2.149 for chickens which had received plant protein and high energy level and 2.312 for those which had received about 2700 kcal. The gain achieved with sesame, corn and barley was approximately 95 % of that with the best animal-protein diets used in the Netherlands. Adding up to 10 % of sesame oil did not improve weight but it did improve feed efficiency and produced good quality meat. The response of pullets to lysine was better than that of cockerels. The plant protein varied in value, so it was much more accurate to deal with the digestible value than the crude value.The high methionine content of sesame should inspire the agricultural offices in the Middle East to encourage farmers to produce soya bean, to make a high quality feed for broiler production. Soya bean lacked methionine, but it was rich in lysine and would make a good combination with sesame. In practice in the Middle East the supplement of lysine would diminish the cost of high quality feed by about 22.5 %, if it was used instead of animal protein.

AB - A diet of sesame oilmeal, maize and barley supplemented with adequate lysine 0.50-0.78 (in total 1.18%-1.23% of the diet) was a suitable diet for fast growing chickens to produce broilers weighing approximately 1 kg in 7 weeks. The average feed intake per unit gain in the 7th week was 2.149 for chickens which had received plant protein and high energy level and 2.312 for those which had received about 2700 kcal. The gain achieved with sesame, corn and barley was approximately 95 % of that with the best animal-protein diets used in the Netherlands. Adding up to 10 % of sesame oil did not improve weight but it did improve feed efficiency and produced good quality meat. The response of pullets to lysine was better than that of cockerels. The plant protein varied in value, so it was much more accurate to deal with the digestible value than the crude value.The high methionine content of sesame should inspire the agricultural offices in the Middle East to encourage farmers to produce soya bean, to make a high quality feed for broiler production. Soya bean lacked methionine, but it was rich in lysine and would make a good combination with sesame. In practice in the Middle East the supplement of lysine would diminish the cost of high quality feed by about 22.5 %, if it was used instead of animal protein.

KW - eiwittoevoegingen

KW - pluimvee

KW - kippen

KW - voer

KW - eiwitten

KW - protein supplements

KW - poultry

KW - fowls

KW - feeds

KW - proteins

M3 - internal PhD, WU

PB - Viking

CY - Oosterbeek

ER -

Al-Azzawi II. Supplementation of plant protein with amino acids for broiler production. Oosterbeek: Viking, 1964. 118 p.