Superior Stability of Au/SiO2 Compared to Au/TiO2 Catalysts for the Selective Hydrogenation of Butadiene

Nazila Masoud, Laurent Delannoy, Herrick Schaink, Ad van der Eerden, Jan Willem de Rijk, Tiago A.G. Silva, Dipanjan Banerjee, Johannes D. Meeldijk, Krijn P. de Jong, Catherine Louis, Petra E. de Jongh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Supported gold nanoparticles are highly selective catalysts for a range of both liquid-phase and gas-phase hydrogenation reactions. However, little is known about their stability during gas-phase catalysis and the influence of the support thereon. We report on the activity, selectivity, and stability of 2-4 nm Au nanoparticulate catalysts, supported on either TiO2 or SiO2, for the hydrogenation of 0.3% butadiene in the presence of 30% propene. Direct comparison of the stability of the Au catalysts was possible as they were prepared via the same method but on different supports. At full conversion of butadiene, only 0.1% of the propene was converted for both supported catalysts, demonstrating their high selectivity. The TiO2-supported catalysts showed a steady loss of activity, which was recovered by heating in air. We demonstrated that the deactivation was not caused by significant metal particle growth or strong metal-support interaction, but rather, it is related to the deposition of carbonaceous species under reaction conditions. In contrast, all the SiO2-supported catalysts were highly stable, with very limited formation of carbonaceous deposits. It shows that SiO2-supported catalysts, despite their 2-3 times lower initial activities, clearly outperform TiO2-supported catalysts within a day of run time. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5594-5603
JournalACS Catalysis
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • butadiene
  • catalyst
  • gold
  • selective hydrogenation
  • stability
  • supported nanoparticles

Cite this

Masoud, N., Delannoy, L., Schaink, H., van der Eerden, A., de Rijk, J. W., Silva, T. A. G., ... de Jongh, P. E. (2017). Superior Stability of Au/SiO2 Compared to Au/TiO2 Catalysts for the Selective Hydrogenation of Butadiene. ACS Catalysis, 7(9), 5594-5603.