Superfast muscles control dove's trill

C.P.H. Elemans, I.L.Y. Spierts, U.K. Müller, J.L. van Leeuwen, F. Goller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Bird songs frequently contain trilling sounds that demand extremely fast vocalization control1, 2. Here we show that doves control their syrinx, a vocal organ that is unique to birds, by using superfast muscles. These muscles, which are similar to those that operate highly specialist acoustic organs such as the rattle of the rattlesnake, are among the fastest vertebrate muscles known and could be much more widespread than previously thought if they are the principal muscle type used to control bird songs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-146
Number of pages1
Issue number7005
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • vocalizations
  • syrinx
  • song

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