Sulfide response analysis for sulfide control using a pS electrode in sulfate reducing bioreactors

D.K. Villa Gomez, J. Cassidy, K.J. Keesman, R.M. Sampaio, P.N.L. Lens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Step changes in the organic loading rate (OLR) through variations in the influent chemical oxygen demand (CODin) concentration or in the hydraulic retention time (HRT) at constant COD/SO4 2- ratio (0.67) were applied to create sulfide responses for the design of a sulfide control in sulfate reducing bioreactors. The sulfide was measured using a sulfide ion selective electrode (pS) and the values obtained were used to calculate proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller parameters.
Step changes in the organic loading rate (OLR) through variations in the influent chemical oxygen demand (CODin) concentration or in the hydraulic retention time (HRT) at constant COD/SO42- ratio (0.67) were applied to create sulfide responses for the design of a sulfide control in sulfate reducing bioreactors. The sulfide was measured using a sulfide ion selective electrode (pS) and the values obtained were used to calculate proportional-integral -derivative (PID) controller parameters. The experiments were performed in an inverse fluidized bed bioreactor with automated operation using the LabVIEW software version 2009 (R). A rapid response and high sulfide increment was obtained through a stepwise increase in the CODin, concentration, while a stepwise decrease to the HRT exhibited a slower response with smaller sulfide increment. Irrespective of the way the OLR was decreased, the PS response showed a time-varying behavior due to sulfide accumulation (HRT change) or utilization of substrate sources that were not accounted for (CODin change). The pS electrode response, however, showed to be informative for applications in sulfate reducing bioreactors. Nevertheless, the recorded pS values need to be corrected for pH variations and high sulfide concentrations (>200 mg/L). (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-58
JournalWater Research
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • waste water treatment
  • bioreactors
  • sulfides
  • anaerobic-digestion process
  • acid-mine drainage
  • waste-water treatment
  • stirred-tank reactor
  • zns precipitation
  • hydrogen-sulfide
  • control design
  • reduction
  • bacteria
  • culture

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