Substrate-dependent bioavailability of Deltamethrin for the epigeal spider Oedothorax apicatus (Blackwall) (Aranaea, Erigonidae).

G.A.J.M. Jagers op Akkerhuis, T.H.M. Hamers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Terrestrial arthropods are mainly exposed to pesticides by uptake from the substrate e.g. “residual” uptake, which depends on the bioavailability of the pesticide. The residual uptake of deltamethrin by female Oedothorax apicatus (Blackwall), a linyphiid spider, was studied in relation to dependence on soil cover, soil moisture, walking behaviour, time after spraying and deposition rate. C14-labelled deltamethrin was used to quantify the uptake processes. Data were analysed using multiple regression analysis.

Uptake was markedly higher from soil covered with fungi or moss than from uncovered soil. From uncovered soils with moisture contents varying from 7 to 49% dry weight, low uptake was measured, while at 63% moisture, the uptake was high. The bioavailability half-life was 157 min. The rate of uptake decreased with distance walked. The possible consequences of these results for field experiments are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
JournalPesticide science : a journal of international research and technology on crop protection and pest control
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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