Study on the Implications of Asynchronous GMO Approvals for EU Imports of Animal Feed Products

P.L. Nowicki, L.H. Aramyan, W.H.M. Baltussen, L. Dvortsin, R.A. Jongeneel, I. Perez Dominguez, C.P.A. van Wagenberg, N. Kalaitzandonakes, J. Kaufman, D. Miller, L. Franke, B. Meerbeek

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


The aim of this study is to understand the implications of asynchronous approvals for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that are imported to the European Union for use within animal feed products, specifically with regard to the EU livestock sector, as well as upon the upstream and downstream economic industries related to it. Asynchronous approval refers to the situation in which there is a delay in the moment when a genetically modified (GM) event – modifying a specific trait of a plant or animal – is allowed to be used in one country in comparison to another country. In the perspective of this study, the asynchronous GMO approvals concern the use of GM varieties of plants that are approved in the countries which supply them to the EU, in one form or another of feed material, before these are approved by the EU.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • animal husbandry
  • livestock farming
  • animal feeding
  • feed formulation
  • propagation
  • choice of varieties
  • genetic engineering
  • forage quality
  • european union


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