Structural properties and gelatinisation characteristics of potato and cassava starches and mutants thereof

S.V. Gomand, L. Lamberts, L.J. Derde, H. Groesaert, G.E. Vandeputte, B. Goderis, R.G.F. Visser, J.A. Delcour

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78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular size of amylopectin (AP) and amylose (AM), AP chain length distribution, crystallinity and granular structure (morphology and granule size distribution) of five wild type potato starches (wtps), five AM free potato starches (amfps), four high-AM potato starches (haps), one wild type cassava starch (wtcs) and one AM free cassava starch (amfcs) were investigated and related to their gelatinisation characteristics. Starches with higher levels of short chains [degree of polymerisation (DP) 6–9 and DP 10–14)] had lower gelatinisation onset (To), peak (Tp) and conclusion (Tc) temperatures, whereas higher contents of longer chains (DP 18–25 and DP 25–80) led to higher gelatinisation temperatures. Gelatinisation enthalpies (¿H) increased with degree of crystallinity. The granules of wtps were larger than those of amfps and haps, respectively. No differences in morphology were observed between wtps and amfps granules, but the haps granules had more irregular surfaces and showed multi-lobed granules.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-317
JournalFood Hydrocolloids
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • aspects provide insight
  • size-exclusion chromatography
  • amylose maize starches
  • molecular-structure
  • rice starches
  • retrogradation properties
  • amylopectin structure
  • light-scattering
  • refractive-index
  • granular starch

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