Structural features and water holding capacities of pressed potato fibre polysaccharides

U. Ramasamy, M.A. Kabel, H.A. Schols, H. Gruppen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pressed potato fibre (PPF) has a high water holding capacity (WHC) affecting its processing as an animal feed. The aim of this study was to characterize cell wall polysaccharides (CWPs) in PPF and investigate their WHC. This was done via sequential extractions. Half of all CWPs were recovered in the hot buffer soluble solids extract as pectins (uronic acid and rhamnose) and galactans wherein most pectins (76%) from PPF were water soluble. Most likely, the network of CWPs is loosened during processing of potatoes. PPF showed a WHC of 7.4 expressed as the amount of water held per g of dry matter (mL/g). Reconstituting hot buffer soluble solids with buffer insoluble solids in water gave a WHC comparable to that of PPF. Removal of alkali soluble solids, which mainly comprised xyloglucans, lowered the WHC of the final residue. The results indicated that interactions between CWPs could affect the WHC of PPF.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-596
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • cell-wall material
  • sugar-beet pulp
  • solanum-tuberosum
  • nonstarch polysaccharides
  • aspergillus-aculeatus
  • nmr characterization
  • purification
  • xyloglucan
  • methylation
  • conversion

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