Strong floristic distinctiveness across Neotropical successional forests

Catarina C. Jakovac*, Jorge A. Meave, Frans Bongers, Susan G. Letcher, Juan Manuel Dupuy, Daniel Piotto, Danaë M.A. Rozendaal, Marielos Peña-Claros, Dylan Craven, Braulio A. Santos, Alexandre Siminski, Alfredo C. Fantini, Alice C. Rodrigues, Alma Hernández-Jaramillo, Alvaro Idárraga, André B. Junqueira, Angelica María Almeyda Zambrano, Ben H.J. De Jong, Bruno Ximenes Pinho, Bryan FineganCarolina Castellano-Castro, Daisy Christiane Zambiazi, Daisy H. Dent, Daniel Hernán García, Deborah Kennard, Diego Delgado, Eben N. Broadbent, Edgar Ortiz-Malavassi, Eduardo A. Pérez-García, Edwin Lebrija-Trejos, Erika Berenguer, Erika Marín-Spiotta, Esteban Alvarez-Davila, Everardo Valadares De Sá Sampaio, Felipe Melo, Fernando Elias, Filipe França, Florian Oberleitner, Francisco Mora, Bruce Williamson, Gabriel Dalla Colletta, George A.L. Cabral, Géraldine Derroire, Geraldo Wilson Fernandes, Hans Van Der Wal, Heitor Mancini Teixeira, Henricus F.M. Vester, Hernando García, Ima C.G. Vieira, Jaider Jiménez-Montoya, Jarcilene S. De Almeida-Cortez, Jefferson S. Hall, Jerome Chave, Jess K. Zimmerman, Jhon Edison Nieto, Joice Ferreira, Jorge Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge Ruíz, Jos Barlow, José Aguilar-Cano, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Julien Engel, Justin M. Becknell, Kátia Zanini, Madelon Lohbeck, Marcelo Tabarelli, Marco Antonio Romero-Romero, Maria Uriarte, Maria D.M. Veloso, Mário M. Espírito-Santo, Masha T. Van Der Sande, Michiel Van Breugel, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Naomi B. Schwartz, Natalia Norden, Nathalia Pérez-Cárdenas, Noel González-Valdivia, Pascal Petronelli, Patricia Balvanera, Paulo Massoca, Pedro H.S. Brancalion, Pedro M. Villa, Peter Hietz, Rebecca Ostertag, René López-Camacho, Ricardo G. César, Rita Mesquita, Robin L. Chazdon, Rodrigo Muñoz, Saara J. DeWalt, Sandra C. Müller, Sandra M. Durán, Sebastião Venâncio Martins, Susana Ochoa-Gaona, Susana Rodríguez-Buritica, Mitchell Aide, Tony Vizcarra Bentos, Vanessa De S. Moreno, Vanessa Granda, Wayt Thomas, Whendee L. Silver, Yule R.F. Nunes, Lourens Poorter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forests that regrow naturally on abandoned fields are important for restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services, but can they also preserve the distinct regional tree floras? Using the floristic composition of 1215 early successional forests (≤20 years) in 75 human-modified landscapes across the Neotropic realm, we identified 14 distinct floristic groups, with a between-group dissimilarity of 0.97. Floristic groups were associated with location, bioregions, soil pH, temperature seasonality, and water availability. Hence, there is large continental-scale variation in the species composition of early successional forests, which is mainly associated with biogeographic and environmental factors but not with human disturbance indicators. This floristic distinctiveness is partially driven by regionally restricted species belonging to widespread genera. Early secondary forests contribute therefore to restoring and conserving the distinctiveness of bioregions across the Neotropical realm, and forest restoration initiatives should use local species to assure that these distinct floras are maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabn1767
JournalScience Advances
Volume8
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Strong floristic distinctiveness across Neotropical successional forests'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this