Stimulating Informal Learning Activities Through Perceptions of Performance Appraisal Quality and Human Resource Management System Strength: A Two-Wave Study

T. Bednall, K. Sanders, P.R. Runhaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Employees' participation in informal learning activities benefits their workplace performance, and ultimately their long-term career development. While research has identified several individual- and organizational-level factors that promote participation, to date, the role of human resource management (HRM) in facilitating informal learning activities is not well understood. We investigate the effects of perceptions of performance appraisal quality and HRM system strength on three informal learning activities: reflection on daily activities, knowledge sharing with colleagues, and innovative behavior. Using a sample of 238 employees from 54 work teams, we examine over a year changes in levels of participation in the informal learning activities. Performance appraisal quality was found to be positively associated with increased participation in each activity over time, and HRM system strength positively moderated these relationships. Implications of the findings for educational institutions and other organizations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-61
JournalAcademy of Management Learning & Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • firm performance
  • professional-development
  • employee perceptions
  • work practices
  • hr practices
  • feedback
  • organizations
  • teachers
  • model
  • metaanalysis

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