The plant basic body plan is laid down during embryogenesis. All post-embryonic development has its origin in the stem cells located in niches in the heart of the shoot and root meristems. Creating the root niche requires auxin dependent patterning cues that provide positional information in combination with parallel inputs to specify and maintain the root stem cell niche from embryogenesis onwards. Once established, the architecture of the root niche differs from that in the shoot but recent findings reveal a conserved module for stem cell control. Important for stem cell maintenance is the balance between cell division and differentiation. Dealing with the environment is the biggest challenge for plants and that includes complete regeneration of stem cell systems upon damage. Here we will address these issues as we follow the formation, function and maintenance of the root stem cell niche during development.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2009|
- Quiescent center
- Root meristem
- Stem cell