Changes in the status of the major roundfish, flatfish, and pelagic stocks in the North Sea over the past 30 years are reviewed. Synopses are presented on trends in catches, fishing mortality, spawning-stock biomass, and recruitment for eight stocks (cod, haddock, whitting, saithe, plaice, sole, herring, and mackerel), together with an evaluation of the current state of these resources and the most recent management advice provided by the ICES Advisory Committee on Fishery Management.
Serchuk, F. M., Kirkegaard, E., & Daan, N. (1996). Status and trends of the major roundfish, flatfish, and pelagic fish stocks in the North Sea: thirty- year overview. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53(6), 1130-1145. https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.1996.0139