Starch source in high concentrate rations does not affect rumen pH, histamine and lipopolysaccharide concentrations in dairy cows

R. Pilachai, J.T. Schonewille, C. Thamrongyoswittayakul, S. Aiumlamai, C. Wachirapakom, H. Everts, W.H. Hendriks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The replacement of ground corn by cassava meal on rumen pH, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and histamine concentrations under typical Thai feeding conditions (high concentrate diets and rice straw as the sole source of roughage) was investigated. Four rumen-fistulated crossbred Holstein, non-pregnant, dry cows were randomly assigned to the four experimental rations in a 4×4 Latin square design with 21-d periods. Each period consisted of a 14-d run-in/wash out period, followed by a 7-d experimental period. During the run-in/wash out period, the cows were offered 5.4 kg DM of concentrate containing 4.6% cassava meal and rice straw was provided ad libitum. During the 7 day of each experimental period, cows were offered 10.5 kg DM of concentrate containing either 4.6% or 18.3% or 32.4% or 46.2% cassava meal and 1.5 kg of rice straw. Irrespective of dietary treatments, rumen total VFA and lactate concentrations were significantly affected by sampling day, which were significantly higher on day 1 versus days 3 and 7 of the experimental periods. Mean postprandial rumen pH was reduced to values
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
JournalLivestock Science
Volume150
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • subacute ruminal acidosis
  • induced lactic-acidosis
  • inflammatory response
  • cattle
  • fermentation
  • endotoxin
  • degradation
  • performance
  • steers
  • fluid

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