Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants.

L.G. Carvalheiro, W.E. Kunin, P. Keil, J. Aguirre-Gutiérrez, W.N. Ellis, R. Fox, Q. Groom, S. Hennekens, W. Van Landuyt, D. Maes, F. Van de Meutter, D. Michez, P. Rasmont, B. Ode, S.G. Potts, M. Reemer, S.P.M. Roberts, J. Schaminée, M.F. Wallis de Vries, J.C. Biesmeijer

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170 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concern about biodiversity loss has led to increased public investment in conservation. Whereas there is a widespread perception that such initiatives have been unsuccessful, there are few quantitative tests of this perception. Here, we evaluate whether rates of biodiversity change have altered in recent decades in three European countries (Great Britain, Netherlands and Belgium) for plants and flower visiting insects. We compared four 20-year periods, comparing periods of rapid land-use intensification and natural habitat loss (1930–1990) with a period of increased conservation investment (post-1990). We found that extensive species richness loss and biotic homogenisation occurred before 1990, whereas these negative trends became substantially less accentuated during recent decades, being partially reversed for certain taxa (e.g. bees in Great Britain and Netherlands). These results highlight the potential to maintain or even restore current species assemblages (which despite past extinctions are still of great conservation value), at least in regions where large-scale land-use intensification and natural habitat loss has ceased.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-878
JournalEcology Letters
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

pollinating insects
homogenization
pollinator
habitat destruction
Netherlands
species richness
land use
habitat loss
biodiversity
species diversity
Belgium
flower visiting
Apoidea
extinction
flowers
bee
insects
insect
testing
loss

Keywords

  • agri-environment schemes
  • global biodiversity
  • british butterflies
  • diversity
  • abundance
  • britain
  • scale
  • netherlands
  • indicators
  • similarity

Cite this

Carvalheiro, L. G., Kunin, W. E., Keil, P., Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J., Ellis, W. N., Fox, R., ... Biesmeijer, J. C. (2013). Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants. Ecology Letters, 16(7), 870-878. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12121
Carvalheiro, L.G. ; Kunin, W.E. ; Keil, P. ; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J. ; Ellis, W.N. ; Fox, R. ; Groom, Q. ; Hennekens, S. ; Van Landuyt, W. ; Maes, D. ; Van de Meutter, F. ; Michez, D. ; Rasmont, P. ; Ode, B. ; Potts, S.G. ; Reemer, M. ; Roberts, S.P.M. ; Schaminée, J. ; Wallis de Vries, M.F. ; Biesmeijer, J.C. / Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants. In: Ecology Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 7. pp. 870-878.
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abstract = "Concern about biodiversity loss has led to increased public investment in conservation. Whereas there is a widespread perception that such initiatives have been unsuccessful, there are few quantitative tests of this perception. Here, we evaluate whether rates of biodiversity change have altered in recent decades in three European countries (Great Britain, Netherlands and Belgium) for plants and flower visiting insects. We compared four 20-year periods, comparing periods of rapid land-use intensification and natural habitat loss (1930–1990) with a period of increased conservation investment (post-1990). We found that extensive species richness loss and biotic homogenisation occurred before 1990, whereas these negative trends became substantially less accentuated during recent decades, being partially reversed for certain taxa (e.g. bees in Great Britain and Netherlands). These results highlight the potential to maintain or even restore current species assemblages (which despite past extinctions are still of great conservation value), at least in regions where large-scale land-use intensification and natural habitat loss has ceased.",
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author = "L.G. Carvalheiro and W.E. Kunin and P. Keil and J. Aguirre-Guti{\'e}rrez and W.N. Ellis and R. Fox and Q. Groom and S. Hennekens and {Van Landuyt}, W. and D. Maes and {Van de Meutter}, F. and D. Michez and P. Rasmont and B. Ode and S.G. Potts and M. Reemer and S.P.M. Roberts and J. Schamin{\'e}e and {Wallis de Vries}, M.F. and J.C. Biesmeijer",
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Carvalheiro, LG, Kunin, WE, Keil, P, Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J, Ellis, WN, Fox, R, Groom, Q, Hennekens, S, Van Landuyt, W, Maes, D, Van de Meutter, F, Michez, D, Rasmont, P, Ode, B, Potts, SG, Reemer, M, Roberts, SPM, Schaminée, J, Wallis de Vries, MF & Biesmeijer, JC 2013, 'Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants.', Ecology Letters, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 870-878. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12121

Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants. / Carvalheiro, L.G.; Kunin, W.E.; Keil, P.; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J.; Ellis, W.N.; Fox, R.; Groom, Q.; Hennekens, S.; Van Landuyt, W.; Maes, D.; Van de Meutter, F.; Michez, D.; Rasmont, P.; Ode, B.; Potts, S.G.; Reemer, M.; Roberts, S.P.M.; Schaminée, J.; Wallis de Vries, M.F.; Biesmeijer, J.C.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 16, No. 7, 2013, p. 870-878.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants.

AU - Carvalheiro, L.G.

AU - Kunin, W.E.

AU - Keil, P.

AU - Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J.

AU - Ellis, W.N.

AU - Fox, R.

AU - Groom, Q.

AU - Hennekens, S.

AU - Van Landuyt, W.

AU - Maes, D.

AU - Van de Meutter, F.

AU - Michez, D.

AU - Rasmont, P.

AU - Ode, B.

AU - Potts, S.G.

AU - Reemer, M.

AU - Roberts, S.P.M.

AU - Schaminée, J.

AU - Wallis de Vries, M.F.

AU - Biesmeijer, J.C.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Concern about biodiversity loss has led to increased public investment in conservation. Whereas there is a widespread perception that such initiatives have been unsuccessful, there are few quantitative tests of this perception. Here, we evaluate whether rates of biodiversity change have altered in recent decades in three European countries (Great Britain, Netherlands and Belgium) for plants and flower visiting insects. We compared four 20-year periods, comparing periods of rapid land-use intensification and natural habitat loss (1930–1990) with a period of increased conservation investment (post-1990). We found that extensive species richness loss and biotic homogenisation occurred before 1990, whereas these negative trends became substantially less accentuated during recent decades, being partially reversed for certain taxa (e.g. bees in Great Britain and Netherlands). These results highlight the potential to maintain or even restore current species assemblages (which despite past extinctions are still of great conservation value), at least in regions where large-scale land-use intensification and natural habitat loss has ceased.

AB - Concern about biodiversity loss has led to increased public investment in conservation. Whereas there is a widespread perception that such initiatives have been unsuccessful, there are few quantitative tests of this perception. Here, we evaluate whether rates of biodiversity change have altered in recent decades in three European countries (Great Britain, Netherlands and Belgium) for plants and flower visiting insects. We compared four 20-year periods, comparing periods of rapid land-use intensification and natural habitat loss (1930–1990) with a period of increased conservation investment (post-1990). We found that extensive species richness loss and biotic homogenisation occurred before 1990, whereas these negative trends became substantially less accentuated during recent decades, being partially reversed for certain taxa (e.g. bees in Great Britain and Netherlands). These results highlight the potential to maintain or even restore current species assemblages (which despite past extinctions are still of great conservation value), at least in regions where large-scale land-use intensification and natural habitat loss has ceased.

KW - agri-environment schemes

KW - global biodiversity

KW - british butterflies

KW - diversity

KW - abundance

KW - britain

KW - scale

KW - netherlands

KW - indicators

KW - similarity

U2 - 10.1111/ele.12121

DO - 10.1111/ele.12121

M3 - Letter

VL - 16

SP - 870

EP - 878

JO - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

IS - 7

ER -