Speciation of Zn, Fe, Ca and Mg in wine with the Donnan Membrane Technique

Mireia Lao, Encarnació Companys*, Liping Weng, Jaume Puy, Josep Galceran

*Corresponding author for this work

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Free concentrations of Zn2+, Fe3+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in a red wine (Raimat, Catalonia, Spain) have been determined, with the Donnan Membrane Technique (DMT) for the first time. The required equilibration time benefits from the acceptor solution including major cations. K+ and Na+, mainly unbound to any ligand in the sample, have been identified as suitable reference ions. A free Zn concentration of 1.76 μmol L−1 determined with DMT was in excellent agreement with the free Zn concentration independently provided by the electroanalytical technique Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping (AGNES), 1.7 μmol L−1, amounting to 14.4% of the total Zn. The free concentrations found in this wine were 1.79 μmol L−1 Fe3+, 1.11 mmol L–1 Ca2+ and 3.4 mmol L−1 Mg2+ (8.82%, 40% and 57% of their total concentrations). Prior to the application of the techniques to the red wine, they had been cross-validated in Zn-tartrate solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1150
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2018



  • Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping
  • Donnan Membrane Technique
  • Free metal
  • Iron
  • Wine
  • Zinc

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