Spatio-temporal patterns of photosystem II activity and plasma-membrane proton flows in Chara corallina cells exposed to overall and local illumination

A.A. Bulychev, W.J. Vredenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulse-amplitude modulated microfluorometry and an extracellular pH microprobe were used to examine light-induced spatial heterogeneity of photosynthetic and H+-transporting activities in cells of Chara corallina Klein ex Willd. Subcellular domains featuring different PSII photochemical activities were found to conform to alternate alkaline and acid zones produced near the cell surface, with peaks of PSII activity correlating with the position of acid zones. Buffers eliminated pH variations near the cell surface but did not destroy the variations in PSII photochemical yield (DeltaF/F-m'). When a dark-adapted cell was exposed to actinic light, the PSII effective yield decreased within 5-15 min in the alkaline regions but rose after the initial decline in the acid regions. The light-induced decrease in DeltaF/F-m' in the alkaline regions occurred prior to or synchronously with the steep rise in local pH. The kinetics of DeltaF/F-m', F-m', and F observed in alkaline regions under overall illumination of Chara cells were replaced by those typical of acid regions, when the illumination area size was restricted to 1.5-2 mm. The data show that photoinduced patterns in photosynthetic activity are not predetermined by the particular structural organization of alkaline and acid cell regions but are subject to dynamic changes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
JournalPlanta
Volume218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • chlorophyll-a fluorescence
  • photosynthetic activity
  • internodal cells
  • basic zones
  • k+ channel
  • light
  • oscillations
  • transport
  • nitella
  • ph

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