Sources of dietary protein in relation to blood pressure in a general Dutch population

W. Altorf-van der Kuil, M.F. Engberink, M.M. Vedder, J.M.A. Boer, W.M.M. Verschuren, J.M. Geleijnse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Background - Little is known about the relation of different dietary protein types with blood pressure (BP). We examined whether intake of total, plant, animal, dairy, meat, and grain protein was related to BP in a cross sectional cohort of 20,820 Dutch adults, aged 20–65 y and not using antihypertensive medication. Design - Mean BP levels were calculated in quintiles of energy-adjusted protein with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, education, smoking, and intake of energy, alcohol, and other nutrients including protein from other sources. In addition, mean BP difference after substitution of 3 en% carbohydrates or MUFA with protein was calculated. Results - Total protein and animal protein were not associated with BP (ptrend = 0.62 and 0.71 respectively), both at the expense of carbohydrates and MUFA. Systolic BP was 1.8 mmHg lower (ptrend36 g/d) than in the lowest (
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere30582
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • disease risk-factors
  • controlled-trial
  • men
  • hypertension
  • women
  • association
  • prevention
  • nutrition
  • intermap
  • cancer


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