Source analysis of fine and coarse particulate matter from livestock houses

M. Cambra-Lopez, A.G. Torres, A.J.A. Aarnink, N.W.M. Ogink

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51 Citations (Scopus)


The analyses of the different sources which can contribute to particulate matter (PM) emissions from livestock houses are essential to develop adequate reduction techniques. The aim of this study was to morphologically and chemically characterize several sources of PM from livestock houses. We collected known sources of PM from different housing systems for poultry and pigs, which were later aerosolized in a customized laboratory dust generator to collect fine and coarse PM samples. These samples were morphologically and chemically characterized using scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis to develop comprehensive morphological and chemical source profiles. Moreover, source particle-size distribution was determined. Results showed distinct and unique particle morphologies in collected sources from different housing systems for poultry and pigs. Although presence of N, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, and Ca were identified in all sources, their relative element concentrations varied amongst sources and could be used to discriminate amongst them. Particle size and size distribution also varied amongst sources (size ranged from 2.1 µm to 18.1 µm projected area diameter), and mainly depended on its mineral or organic origin. The results from this work can be useful information for source identification and quantification in PM from livestock houses, improving the understanding of how PM is generated in such environments, and developing strategies for its reduction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-707
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • swine confinement buildings
  • respiratory symptoms
  • dust particles
  • airborne dust
  • lung-function
  • poultry
  • workers
  • samples
  • farm

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