Soil water content interpolation using spatio-temporal kriging with external drift

J.J.J.C. Snepvangers, G.B.M. Heuvelink, J.A. Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, two techniques for spatio-temporal (ST) kriging of soil water content are compared. The first technique, spatio-temporal ordinary kriging, is the simplest of the two, and uses only information about soil water content. The second technique, spatio-temporal kriging with external drift, uses also the relationship between soil water content and net-precipitation to aid the interpolation. It is shown that the behaviour of the soil water content predictions is physically more realistic when using spatio-temporal kriging with external drift. Also, the prediction uncertainties are slightly smaller. The data used in this study consist of Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) measurements from a 30-day irrigation experiment on a 60 x 60-m grassland in the Netherlands. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-271
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • soil water content
  • infiltration
  • netherlands
  • geostatistics
  • time
  • space
  • variability
  • design
  • model

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