Soil Suppressiveness Against Pythium ultimum and Rhizoctonia solani in Two Land Management Systems and Eleven Soil Health Treatments

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Abstract

The soil microbiome is known to be crucial for the control of soil-borne plant diseases. However, there is still little knowledge on how to modify the soil microbiome to induce or increase disease suppressiveness. In the present study, we applied eleven soil health treatments combined with conventional and organic agricultural management in a long-term field experiment. Suppressiveness against Pythium ultimum and Rhizoctonia solani was assessed in bioassays for 2 years. In addition, the microbiome community composition and microbial abundance were determined. We found that while several treatments changed the microbial community composition compared to the control, only a combination treatment of anaerobic soil disinfestation, hair meal, and compost addition resulted in suppressiveness against P. ultimum. Pythium suppressiveness is likely to have been caused by an increased microbial abundance and activity. Moreover, the increased abundance of several bacterial taxa, such as Pseudomonas sp., Chryseobacterium sp., members of the family Chitinophagaceae, and the fungal genus Mortierella sp. and family Trichosporonaceae, was measured. There was no overall difference in suppressiveness between conventional and organic land management. Also, no suppressiveness against R. solani could be detected. Our results indicate that a treatment combining the reduction of microorganisms followed by a recovery phase with high amounts of organic amendments may be more effective in inducing suppressiveness than treatments consisting of only one of these measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1724
Number of pages16
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Volume86
Issue number3
Early online date31 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Disease suppressiveness
  • Pythium ultimum
  • Rhizoctonia solani
  • Soil health treatments
  • Soil microbiome

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