Soil quality assessment of rice production systems in South of Brazil

A.C. Rodrigues de Lima, W.B. Hoogmoed, L. Brussaard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

Soil quality, as a measure of the soil capacity to function, can be quantified by indicators based on physical, chemical and biological properties. Maintaining soil quality at a desirable level in the rice cropping system is a very complex issue due to the nature of the production systems used. In the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, rice production is one of the most important agricultural activities in the region. The study presented here was conducted with the following objectives: (i) to identify soil quality factors present from a set of soil indicators, (ii) to identify which selected indicators within these factors could discriminate between management systems or soil classes, (iii) to establish a minimum data set (MDS). Soil quality assessment was based on multivariate statistical analysis using the SPSS program. For this study, 29 soil biological, chemical and physical indicators were evaluated to characterize aspects of regional soil quality. Data were collected from rice fields located in the Camaquã region of Rio Grande do Sul that were under the three main soil management systems for rice. Different factors were found as the most important to discriminate either management systems or soil classes. The most powerful soil attributes retained into MDS for distinguishing differences in soil quality of rice production under different management systems and soil classes were copper, potassium, earthworm number, microbial quotient, manganese, organic matter, magnesium, iron, water stable aggregates, soil respiration, mineralizable N.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th International Conference of ISTRO, Kiel, Germany, August 28th - Sept. 3rd, 2006
Place of PublicationKiel, Germany
PublisherInternational Soil Tillage Research Organization
Pages1425-1430
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event17th International Conference of ISTRO -
Duration: 28 Aug 20063 Sep 2006

Conference

Conference17th International Conference of ISTRO
Period28/08/063/09/06

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