Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland

M.I. Rashid, R.G.M. de Goede, G.A. Corral Nunez, L. Brussaard, E.A. Lantinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long term use of inorganic fertilisers and reduced organic matter inputs have contributed to acidification of agricultural soils. This strongly affects the soil dwelling fauna and nutrient mineralisation. Organic fertilisers such as solid cattle manure (SCM) resurge as an option to overcome this acidification problem and to provide the required blend of essential macro- and micronutrients for plant growth. We assessed the effects of earthworm density (400 or 700 m-2) at two levels of soil pH (ambient and increased), with or without application of solid cattle manure (SCM), on herbage nitrogen (N) uptake, and CO2 and N2O emissions over a period of 134 days using undisturbed soil cores from an acid peat grassland in a mesocosm experiment. Liming proved to be beneficial for earthworm performance and grassland productivity. A higher soil pH and earthworm density resulted in a higher soil biological activity measured as soil respiration. The combined application of lime and earthworms increased herbage apparent N recovery from SCM by 83% compared to SCM only. In the manured treatments, herbage N uptake was positively correlated with earthworm density (R2 = 0.92). N2O emissions increased by 37% when SCM was applied compared to the unfertilised control. Following SCM application, the cumulative increase in herbage N uptake was almost ten times greater than the measured total N2O losses. No relationship was observed between earthworm density and level of N2O emission. N mineralisation and herbage N uptake from SCM in acidic peat grasslands were greatly stimulated by the combined increase in soil pH and earthworm density. This stimulated the activity of soil biota, resulting in an increased herbage N recovery from the applied SCM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Oligochaeta
Manure
cattle manure
earthworms
earthworm
soil pH
cattle
manure
Nitrogen
Soil
grasslands
grassland
forage
nitrogen
soil
uptake mechanisms
acidification
peat
mineralization
Fertilizers

Keywords

  • carbon-dioxide
  • decomposition
  • mineralization
  • acidification
  • population
  • mesocosms
  • emissions
  • litter
  • slurry
  • oxide

Cite this

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title = "Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland",
abstract = "Long term use of inorganic fertilisers and reduced organic matter inputs have contributed to acidification of agricultural soils. This strongly affects the soil dwelling fauna and nutrient mineralisation. Organic fertilisers such as solid cattle manure (SCM) resurge as an option to overcome this acidification problem and to provide the required blend of essential macro- and micronutrients for plant growth. We assessed the effects of earthworm density (400 or 700 m-2) at two levels of soil pH (ambient and increased), with or without application of solid cattle manure (SCM), on herbage nitrogen (N) uptake, and CO2 and N2O emissions over a period of 134 days using undisturbed soil cores from an acid peat grassland in a mesocosm experiment. Liming proved to be beneficial for earthworm performance and grassland productivity. A higher soil pH and earthworm density resulted in a higher soil biological activity measured as soil respiration. The combined application of lime and earthworms increased herbage apparent N recovery from SCM by 83{\%} compared to SCM only. In the manured treatments, herbage N uptake was positively correlated with earthworm density (R2 = 0.92). N2O emissions increased by 37{\%} when SCM was applied compared to the unfertilised control. Following SCM application, the cumulative increase in herbage N uptake was almost ten times greater than the measured total N2O losses. No relationship was observed between earthworm density and level of N2O emission. N mineralisation and herbage N uptake from SCM in acidic peat grasslands were greatly stimulated by the combined increase in soil pH and earthworm density. This stimulated the activity of soil biota, resulting in an increased herbage N recovery from the applied SCM.",
keywords = "carbon-dioxide, decomposition, mineralization, acidification, population, mesocosms, emissions, litter, slurry, oxide",
author = "M.I. Rashid and {de Goede}, R.G.M. and {Corral Nunez}, G.A. and L. Brussaard and E.A. Lantinga",
year = "2014",
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language = "English",
volume = "68",
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journal = "Soil Biology and Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
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}

Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland. / Rashid, M.I.; de Goede, R.G.M.; Corral Nunez, G.A.; Brussaard, L.; Lantinga, E.A.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 68, 2014, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland

AU - Rashid, M.I.

AU - de Goede, R.G.M.

AU - Corral Nunez, G.A.

AU - Brussaard, L.

AU - Lantinga, E.A.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Long term use of inorganic fertilisers and reduced organic matter inputs have contributed to acidification of agricultural soils. This strongly affects the soil dwelling fauna and nutrient mineralisation. Organic fertilisers such as solid cattle manure (SCM) resurge as an option to overcome this acidification problem and to provide the required blend of essential macro- and micronutrients for plant growth. We assessed the effects of earthworm density (400 or 700 m-2) at two levels of soil pH (ambient and increased), with or without application of solid cattle manure (SCM), on herbage nitrogen (N) uptake, and CO2 and N2O emissions over a period of 134 days using undisturbed soil cores from an acid peat grassland in a mesocosm experiment. Liming proved to be beneficial for earthworm performance and grassland productivity. A higher soil pH and earthworm density resulted in a higher soil biological activity measured as soil respiration. The combined application of lime and earthworms increased herbage apparent N recovery from SCM by 83% compared to SCM only. In the manured treatments, herbage N uptake was positively correlated with earthworm density (R2 = 0.92). N2O emissions increased by 37% when SCM was applied compared to the unfertilised control. Following SCM application, the cumulative increase in herbage N uptake was almost ten times greater than the measured total N2O losses. No relationship was observed between earthworm density and level of N2O emission. N mineralisation and herbage N uptake from SCM in acidic peat grasslands were greatly stimulated by the combined increase in soil pH and earthworm density. This stimulated the activity of soil biota, resulting in an increased herbage N recovery from the applied SCM.

AB - Long term use of inorganic fertilisers and reduced organic matter inputs have contributed to acidification of agricultural soils. This strongly affects the soil dwelling fauna and nutrient mineralisation. Organic fertilisers such as solid cattle manure (SCM) resurge as an option to overcome this acidification problem and to provide the required blend of essential macro- and micronutrients for plant growth. We assessed the effects of earthworm density (400 or 700 m-2) at two levels of soil pH (ambient and increased), with or without application of solid cattle manure (SCM), on herbage nitrogen (N) uptake, and CO2 and N2O emissions over a period of 134 days using undisturbed soil cores from an acid peat grassland in a mesocosm experiment. Liming proved to be beneficial for earthworm performance and grassland productivity. A higher soil pH and earthworm density resulted in a higher soil biological activity measured as soil respiration. The combined application of lime and earthworms increased herbage apparent N recovery from SCM by 83% compared to SCM only. In the manured treatments, herbage N uptake was positively correlated with earthworm density (R2 = 0.92). N2O emissions increased by 37% when SCM was applied compared to the unfertilised control. Following SCM application, the cumulative increase in herbage N uptake was almost ten times greater than the measured total N2O losses. No relationship was observed between earthworm density and level of N2O emission. N mineralisation and herbage N uptake from SCM in acidic peat grasslands were greatly stimulated by the combined increase in soil pH and earthworm density. This stimulated the activity of soil biota, resulting in an increased herbage N recovery from the applied SCM.

KW - carbon-dioxide

KW - decomposition

KW - mineralization

KW - acidification

KW - population

KW - mesocosms

KW - emissions

KW - litter

KW - slurry

KW - oxide

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.013

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.013

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

ER -