Soil organism and plant introductions in restoration of species-rich grassland communities

P. Kardol, T.M. Bezemer, W.H. van der Putten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil organisms can strongly affect competitive interactions and successional replacements of grassland plant species. However, introduction of whole soil communities as management strategy in grassland restoration has received little experimental testing. In a 5-year field experiment at a topsoil-removed ex-arable site (receptor site), we tested effects of (1) spreading hay and soil, independently or combined, and (2) transplanting intact turfs on plant and soil nematode community development. Material for the treatments was obtained from later successional, species-rich grassland (donor site). Spreading hay affected plant community composition, whereas spreading soil did not have additional effects. Plant species composition of transplanted turfs became less similar to that in the donor site. Moreover, most plants did not expand into the receiving plots. Soil spreading and turf transplantation did not affect soil nematode community composition. Unfavorable soil conditions (e.g., low organic matter content and seasonal fluctuations in water level) at the receptor site may have limited plant and nematode survival in the turfs and may have precluded successful establishment outside the turfs. We conclude that introduction of later successional soil organisms into a topsoil-removed soil did not facilitate the establishment of later successional plants, probably because of the "mismatch" in abiotic soil conditions between the donor and the receptor site. Further research should focus on the required conditions for establishment of soil organisms at restoration sites in order to make use of their contribution to grassland restoration. We propose that introduction of organisms from "intermediate" stages will be more effective as management strategy than introduction of organisms from "target" stages
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-269
JournalRestoration Ecology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • arable land
  • nature conservation
  • succession
  • diversity
  • nematode
  • vegetation
  • chronosequence
  • translocation
  • decomposition
  • constraints

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