Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale

Johan Van Den Hoogen*, Stefan Geisen, Devin Routh, Howard Ferris, Walter Traunspurger, David A. Wardle, Ron G.M. De Goede, Byron J. Adams, Wasim Ahmad, Walter S. Andriuzzi, Gerard Korthals, Casper W. Quist, Wim Van Der Putten, Rutger Wilschut

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil organisms are a crucial part of the terrestrial biosphere. Despite their importance for ecosystem functioning, few quantitative, spatially explicit models of the active belowground community currently exist. In particular, nematodes are the most abundant animals on Earth, filling all trophic levels in the soil food web. Here we use 6,759 georeferenced samples to generate a mechanistic understanding of the patterns of the global abundance of nematodes in the soil and the composition of their functional groups. The resulting maps show that 4.4 ± 0.64 × 1020 nematodes (with a total biomass of approximately 0.3 gigatonnes) inhabit surface soils across the world, with higher abundances in sub-Arctic regions (38% of total) than in temperate (24%) or tropical (21%) regions. Regional variations in these global trends also provide insights into local patterns of soil fertility and functioning. These high-resolution models provide the first steps towards representing soil ecological processes in global biogeochemical models and will enable the prediction of elemental cycling under current and future climate scenarios
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-198
JournalNature
Volume572
Issue number7768
Early online date24 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2019

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functional group
nematode
subarctic region
soil
soil fertility
trophic level
biosphere
food web
soil surface
ecosystem
animal
biomass
climate
prediction
trend
soil organism
world

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Van Den Hoogen, J., Geisen, S., Routh, D., Ferris, H., Traunspurger, W., Wardle, D. A., ... Wilschut, R. (2019). Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. Nature, 572(7768), 194-198. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1418-6
Van Den Hoogen, Johan ; Geisen, Stefan ; Routh, Devin ; Ferris, Howard ; Traunspurger, Walter ; Wardle, David A. ; De Goede, Ron G.M. ; Adams, Byron J. ; Ahmad, Wasim ; Andriuzzi, Walter S. ; Korthals, Gerard ; Quist, Casper W. ; Van Der Putten, Wim ; Wilschut, Rutger. / Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. In: Nature. 2019 ; Vol. 572, No. 7768. pp. 194-198.
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abstract = "Soil organisms are a crucial part of the terrestrial biosphere. Despite their importance for ecosystem functioning, few quantitative, spatially explicit models of the active belowground community currently exist. In particular, nematodes are the most abundant animals on Earth, filling all trophic levels in the soil food web. Here we use 6,759 georeferenced samples to generate a mechanistic understanding of the patterns of the global abundance of nematodes in the soil and the composition of their functional groups. The resulting maps show that 4.4 ± 0.64 × 1020 nematodes (with a total biomass of approximately 0.3 gigatonnes) inhabit surface soils across the world, with higher abundances in sub-Arctic regions (38{\%} of total) than in temperate (24{\%}) or tropical (21{\%}) regions. Regional variations in these global trends also provide insights into local patterns of soil fertility and functioning. These high-resolution models provide the first steps towards representing soil ecological processes in global biogeochemical models and will enable the prediction of elemental cycling under current and future climate scenarios",
author = "{Van Den Hoogen}, Johan and Stefan Geisen and Devin Routh and Howard Ferris and Walter Traunspurger and Wardle, {David A.} and {De Goede}, {Ron G.M.} and Adams, {Byron J.} and Wasim Ahmad and Andriuzzi, {Walter S.} and Gerard Korthals and Quist, {Casper W.} and {Van Der Putten}, Wim and Rutger Wilschut",
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Van Den Hoogen, J, Geisen, S, Routh, D, Ferris, H, Traunspurger, W, Wardle, DA, De Goede, RGM, Adams, BJ, Ahmad, W, Andriuzzi, WS, Korthals, G, Quist, CW, Van Der Putten, W & Wilschut, R 2019, 'Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale', Nature, vol. 572, no. 7768, pp. 194-198. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1418-6

Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. / Van Den Hoogen, Johan; Geisen, Stefan; Routh, Devin; Ferris, Howard; Traunspurger, Walter; Wardle, David A.; De Goede, Ron G.M.; Adams, Byron J.; Ahmad, Wasim; Andriuzzi, Walter S.; Korthals, Gerard; Quist, Casper W.; Van Der Putten, Wim; Wilschut, Rutger.

In: Nature, Vol. 572, No. 7768, 08.08.2019, p. 194-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Van Den Hoogen, Johan

AU - Geisen, Stefan

AU - Routh, Devin

AU - Ferris, Howard

AU - Traunspurger, Walter

AU - Wardle, David A.

AU - De Goede, Ron G.M.

AU - Adams, Byron J.

AU - Ahmad, Wasim

AU - Andriuzzi, Walter S.

AU - Korthals, Gerard

AU - Quist, Casper W.

AU - Van Der Putten, Wim

AU - Wilschut, Rutger

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N2 - Soil organisms are a crucial part of the terrestrial biosphere. Despite their importance for ecosystem functioning, few quantitative, spatially explicit models of the active belowground community currently exist. In particular, nematodes are the most abundant animals on Earth, filling all trophic levels in the soil food web. Here we use 6,759 georeferenced samples to generate a mechanistic understanding of the patterns of the global abundance of nematodes in the soil and the composition of their functional groups. The resulting maps show that 4.4 ± 0.64 × 1020 nematodes (with a total biomass of approximately 0.3 gigatonnes) inhabit surface soils across the world, with higher abundances in sub-Arctic regions (38% of total) than in temperate (24%) or tropical (21%) regions. Regional variations in these global trends also provide insights into local patterns of soil fertility and functioning. These high-resolution models provide the first steps towards representing soil ecological processes in global biogeochemical models and will enable the prediction of elemental cycling under current and future climate scenarios

AB - Soil organisms are a crucial part of the terrestrial biosphere. Despite their importance for ecosystem functioning, few quantitative, spatially explicit models of the active belowground community currently exist. In particular, nematodes are the most abundant animals on Earth, filling all trophic levels in the soil food web. Here we use 6,759 georeferenced samples to generate a mechanistic understanding of the patterns of the global abundance of nematodes in the soil and the composition of their functional groups. The resulting maps show that 4.4 ± 0.64 × 1020 nematodes (with a total biomass of approximately 0.3 gigatonnes) inhabit surface soils across the world, with higher abundances in sub-Arctic regions (38% of total) than in temperate (24%) or tropical (21%) regions. Regional variations in these global trends also provide insights into local patterns of soil fertility and functioning. These high-resolution models provide the first steps towards representing soil ecological processes in global biogeochemical models and will enable the prediction of elemental cycling under current and future climate scenarios

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Van Den Hoogen J, Geisen S, Routh D, Ferris H, Traunspurger W, Wardle DA et al. Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. Nature. 2019 Aug 8;572(7768):194-198. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1418-6