Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat

J. Deru, J. Bloem, R.G.M. Goede, L. Brussaard, N. van Eekeren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Peat wetlands are of major importance for ecosystem services such as carbon storage, water buffering and maintenance of biodiversity. However, drainage for dairy farming may lead to increased CO2 emission, soil subsidence, societal costs and biodiversity losses. Solutions are sought in reducing drainage, adapting farming to wetter soils, and converting dairy grasslands
to nature. We compared the soil ecology and related ecosystem services of twenty dairy and twenty nature grasslands on peat in the Netherlands. Soil abiotic and biotic parameters were measured (0-10 cm depth), with particular focus on the ecosystem services (i) grass production (soil fertility), (ii) mitigation of climate change (CO2 emission), (iii) water buffering
(water infiltration) and (iv) maintenance of biodiversity (soil faunal diversity).
The potential for grass production was higher in dairy than in nature grasslands. This was related to higher nutrient concentrations, pH and root densities. Potential N and C mineralization (CO2 emission) were similar in dairy and nature grasslands. As the variation in these parameters was partly explained by soil water content, mineralization rates in the top soil appeared to be limited by moisture independent of land use type. Water infiltration rate was higher in dairy grasslands, and correlated with soil porosity. Earthworm abundance was
also higher in dairy grasslands, as well as the mean soil faunal taxonomic richness per site.
However, the total observed number of taxa per land use type (gamma diversity) was higher in nature grasslands. Our findings show that land use type strongly affects the ecosystem services of grasslands on peat soils.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August
Subtitle of host publicationProgramme and abstract book
EditorsJ. Wallinga, G. Mol, V.L. Mulder, A.M. Zaal, B. Jansen
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen University & Research
Pages104-104
ISBN (Print)9789463430616
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2017
EventWageningen Soil Conference 2017: Soil Science in a changing world - Wageningen University, Wageningen
Duration: 27 Aug 201731 Aug 2017

Conference

ConferenceWageningen Soil Conference 2017
CityWageningen
Period27/08/1731/08/17

Fingerprint

soil ecology
ecosystem services
peat
dairies
grasslands
land use
soil
biodiversity
mineralization
drainage
water
grasses
peat soils
subsidence
grassland soils
earthworms
carbon sequestration
dairy farming
topsoil
porosity

Cite this

Deru, J., Bloem, J., Goede, R. G. M., Brussaard, L., & van Eekeren, N. (2017). Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat. In J. Wallinga, G. Mol, V. L. Mulder, A. M. Zaal, & B. Jansen (Eds.), Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August: Programme and abstract book (pp. 104-104). Wageningen: Wageningen University & Research.
Deru, J. ; Bloem, J. ; Goede, R.G.M. ; Brussaard, L. ; van Eekeren, N. / Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat. Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August: Programme and abstract book. editor / J. Wallinga ; G. Mol ; V.L. Mulder ; A.M. Zaal ; B. Jansen. Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research, 2017. pp. 104-104
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Deru, J, Bloem, J, Goede, RGM, Brussaard, L & van Eekeren, N 2017, Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat. in J Wallinga, G Mol, VL Mulder, AM Zaal & B Jansen (eds), Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August: Programme and abstract book. Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, pp. 104-104, Wageningen Soil Conference 2017, Wageningen, 27/08/17.

Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat. / Deru, J.; Bloem, J.; Goede, R.G.M.; Brussaard, L.; van Eekeren, N.

Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August: Programme and abstract book. ed. / J. Wallinga; G. Mol; V.L. Mulder; A.M. Zaal; B. Jansen. Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research, 2017. p. 104-104.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

TY - CHAP

T1 - Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat

AU - Deru, J.

AU - Bloem, J.

AU - Goede, R.G.M.

AU - Brussaard, L.

AU - van Eekeren, N.

PY - 2017/8/27

Y1 - 2017/8/27

N2 - Peat wetlands are of major importance for ecosystem services such as carbon storage, water buffering and maintenance of biodiversity. However, drainage for dairy farming may lead to increased CO2 emission, soil subsidence, societal costs and biodiversity losses. Solutions are sought in reducing drainage, adapting farming to wetter soils, and converting dairy grasslandsto nature. We compared the soil ecology and related ecosystem services of twenty dairy and twenty nature grasslands on peat in the Netherlands. Soil abiotic and biotic parameters were measured (0-10 cm depth), with particular focus on the ecosystem services (i) grass production (soil fertility), (ii) mitigation of climate change (CO2 emission), (iii) water buffering(water infiltration) and (iv) maintenance of biodiversity (soil faunal diversity).The potential for grass production was higher in dairy than in nature grasslands. This was related to higher nutrient concentrations, pH and root densities. Potential N and C mineralization (CO2 emission) were similar in dairy and nature grasslands. As the variation in these parameters was partly explained by soil water content, mineralization rates in the top soil appeared to be limited by moisture independent of land use type. Water infiltration rate was higher in dairy grasslands, and correlated with soil porosity. Earthworm abundance wasalso higher in dairy grasslands, as well as the mean soil faunal taxonomic richness per site.However, the total observed number of taxa per land use type (gamma diversity) was higher in nature grasslands. Our findings show that land use type strongly affects the ecosystem services of grasslands on peat soils.

AB - Peat wetlands are of major importance for ecosystem services such as carbon storage, water buffering and maintenance of biodiversity. However, drainage for dairy farming may lead to increased CO2 emission, soil subsidence, societal costs and biodiversity losses. Solutions are sought in reducing drainage, adapting farming to wetter soils, and converting dairy grasslandsto nature. We compared the soil ecology and related ecosystem services of twenty dairy and twenty nature grasslands on peat in the Netherlands. Soil abiotic and biotic parameters were measured (0-10 cm depth), with particular focus on the ecosystem services (i) grass production (soil fertility), (ii) mitigation of climate change (CO2 emission), (iii) water buffering(water infiltration) and (iv) maintenance of biodiversity (soil faunal diversity).The potential for grass production was higher in dairy than in nature grasslands. This was related to higher nutrient concentrations, pH and root densities. Potential N and C mineralization (CO2 emission) were similar in dairy and nature grasslands. As the variation in these parameters was partly explained by soil water content, mineralization rates in the top soil appeared to be limited by moisture independent of land use type. Water infiltration rate was higher in dairy grasslands, and correlated with soil porosity. Earthworm abundance wasalso higher in dairy grasslands, as well as the mean soil faunal taxonomic richness per site.However, the total observed number of taxa per land use type (gamma diversity) was higher in nature grasslands. Our findings show that land use type strongly affects the ecosystem services of grasslands on peat soils.

M3 - Abstract

SN - 9789463430616

SP - 104

EP - 104

BT - Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August

A2 - Wallinga, J.

A2 - Mol, G.

A2 - Mulder, V.L.

A2 - Zaal, A.M.

A2 - Jansen, B.

PB - Wageningen University & Research

CY - Wageningen

ER -

Deru J, Bloem J, Goede RGM, Brussaard L, van Eekeren N. Soil ecology and ecosystem services of dairy and nature grasslands on peat. In Wallinga J, Mol G, Mulder VL, Zaal AM, Jansen B, editors, Soil Science in a Changing World 27-31 August: Programme and abstract book. Wageningen: Wageningen University & Research. 2017. p. 104-104