Software ecosystems (SECOs) are gaining importance in and have been applied to different application domains. In this paper we focus on the needs for SECOs for the life science application domains. Similar to other domains the life science application domains also witnesses the emergence and application of an increased application of software engineering. An important trigger for this is the need for an increased need of smart and interconnected systems which is primarily realized through software. In this context, we can observe the need and benefits of the adoption of software ecosystems for the life sciences application domains such as smart logistics, farming technology, smart agro-food production, environmental services, and geoinformation systems. This paper provides a discussion on the state-of-the-practice of SECOs in the life sciences applications domains and identifies selected key problems.