Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia

Ariane Utomo*, Peter Mcdonald, Iwu Utomo, Nur Cahyadi, Robert Sparrow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively “old” villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so. A negative educational gradient in the likelihood of work participation suggests that needs for income security is a driver of the elderly's work participation. The notion of promoting active ageing, as typically understood in the Western and/or urban contexts, is of secondary importance to health care provision and managing old-age disability in these ageing rural communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-31
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume229
Early online date8 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

Indonesia
old age
participation
village
Social Participation
income
Rural Population
rural community
urban area
rural area
disability
driver
health care
Delivery of Health Care
Social Engagement
Participation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Old Age
Village
Income

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Demography
  • Indonesia
  • Rural
  • Social engagement

Cite this

Utomo, Ariane ; Mcdonald, Peter ; Utomo, Iwu ; Cahyadi, Nur ; Sparrow, Robert. / Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 229. pp. 22-31.
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Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia. / Utomo, Ariane; Mcdonald, Peter; Utomo, Iwu; Cahyadi, Nur; Sparrow, Robert.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 229, 05.2019, p. 22-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively “old” villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so. A negative educational gradient in the likelihood of work participation suggests that needs for income security is a driver of the elderly's work participation. The notion of promoting active ageing, as typically understood in the Western and/or urban contexts, is of secondary importance to health care provision and managing old-age disability in these ageing rural communities.

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