A literature review on effects of breeding and management on injurious pecking behaviour and cannibalism has been conducted. The combination of factors to avoid injurious behaviour is not clear and thus no good alternative to beak trimming of the upper beak in day-old turkey poults is available. If beak trimming is performed, it is recommended to use the novel IR-method on day-old turkey poults because then welfare of turkeys is the least compromised compared with other beak trimming methods.
|Name||Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research|
|Publisher||Wageningen UR Livestock Research|
- poultry farming
- animal welfare
- feather pecking