Smallholders' perceptions of policies for preserving the traditional Ongole cattle breed in Indonesia

E. Nugroho*, S.J. Oosting, R. Ihle, W.J.M. Heijman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Agricultural policies can only be effective if intended beneficiaries are sufficiently aware of them. This basic condition for policy success is substantially challenged by smallholder farmers’ lack of awareness of existing support schemes. We studied the perceptions of 600 farmers of preservation policies for the traditional Indonesian Ongole cattle breed. We measured farmers’ knowledge of existing policies, their perceived ease of participation, their participation level and their satisfaction with the benefits obtained. We found that the target group has little awareness of existing policies. Policy awareness increases with education, the less remote the farm is, and with increasing specialization in cattle farming. We recommend therefore that policymakers should simplify and redesign existing policy schemes to create one coordinated policy. The various support schemes currently implemented should be combined in this policy and it should be presented in such a way that is easily understood by farmers. Incentives for Ongole breeders should be tailored, the establishment of farmers groups facilitated, and a breeding and selection programme initiated to improve the genetic potential of Ongole for domestic beef production.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalOutlook on Agriculture
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Dec 2020


  • Beef production
  • cattle subsidy
  • domestic livestock diversity
  • policy awareness
  • policy effectiveness

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