Smallholder Livelihood Adaptation in the Context of Neoliberal Policy Reforms: A Case of Maize Farmers in Southern Veracruz, Mexico.

S.F. Groenewald, M.M. van den Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Governments around the world have embraced trade liberalisation as a means of enhancing efficiency to realise economic growth and alleviate poverty. Likewise, the Mexican government implemented neoliberal policy reforms, the NAFTA in particular, to stimulate sustainable development. Using the Mexican maize sector as illustration, this article describes the adaptation process of smallholders to market changes shaped by these reforms. Going beyond the aggregated level, we have investigated smallholders' livelihood strategies. Contrary to what economic models estimated, our data suggests that farmers intensified the cultivation of maize rather than switch to sectors in which Mexico has a comparative advantage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-444
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Development Studies
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • trade liberalization
  • rural livelihoods
  • expenditure data
  • united-states
  • poverty
  • growth
  • strategies
  • vulnerability
  • inequality
  • framework

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