Small-scale Biorefining

C.L.M. de Visser (Editor), R. van Ree (Editor)

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


One promising way to accelerate the market implementation of integrated biorefineries is to promote small (regional) biorefinery initiatives. Small-scale biorefineries require relatively low initial investments, and therefore are often lacking the financing problems that larger facilities face. They are potentially able to make use of available local resources and involve stakeholders and product markets that create a common foundation for joint development and market deployment. Furthermore, by using modular and transportable units, the refinery process potentially can be operated at several locations, increasing their operation window, and therefore their market competitiveness. Small-scale biorefinery processes seem to be specifically interesting for the efficient and sustainable valorisation for relatively wet agro-crops (grass, beets, maize, etc.), agro-residues (leaves/foliage), food processing residues and aquatic biomass (microalgae, duckweed, etc.).
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen University & Research
Number of pages62
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • biorefinery
  • biobased economy
  • resource utilization
  • biomass conversion
  • techniques
  • residual streams
  • economies of scale
  • case studies


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