Skipping breakfast, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity as risk factors for overweight and obesity in adolescents: results of the E-MOVO project

S. Croezen, T.L.S. Visscher, N.C.W. ter Bogt, M.L. Veling, A. Haveman-Nies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective/Background: To investigate the association between skipping breakfast, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity with overweight and obesity in adolescents. The design comprises cross-sectional electronic health survey (E-MOVO). Subjects/Methods: Over 35 000 Dutch adolescents in grade 2 (13¿14 years of age) and grade 4 (15¿16 years of age) of secondary educational schools were recruited by seven community health services. Analyses were performed on 25 176 adolescents. Body mass index was calculated from self-reported body weight and height. Frequency of skipping breakfast per week, amount of alcoholic drinks consumed per occasion, and numbers of physical active days per week were considered as determinants for overweight and obesity. Results: In grade 2, adjusted odds ratios for the association with overweight were 2.17 (95% CI: 1.66¿2.85) for skipping breakfast, 1.86 (1.36¿2.55) for alcohol consumption and 1.73 (1.19¿2.51) for physical inactivity. Statistically significant associations with overweight were also found in grade 4. In grade 2, dose¿response relations (P for trend
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-412
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • body-mass index
  • self-reported weight
  • measured height
  • dutch children
  • life-style
  • health
  • food
  • adulthood
  • teenagers
  • behaviors

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